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Village/Town Names(Saxon derivation)

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This page shows segments of place names that can be related to Saxon locations.
 
Segment Derivation Translation
starting in eg   æg   æg an island also eye, ye, sea
starting in ip   yppe   a raised place, a lookout place
ac   aac   an acorn or oak
acc   aac   an acorn or oak
acre   æcer   a field, land which is sown, sown land
ag   haga   A haw, berry of the hawthorn or an enclosure
al   el   eel
alcis   alþes   ale - beer
ald   eald   old or ancient or fire
aldr   ealdor/alor   elderman head of the tribe/elder tree
alk   alþes   ale
ending in am   hjem   shortened for of ham - home - A village or location originally found in valleys with sea access hence Home for the Saxons - in later years this derivation changed to mean near water.
amp   þam   well watered or wet area
an   ƿan   Wetlands
and   ond   also
appledore   apuldre   apple tree
ard   arad   to ride
arl   æl/ar   æl/ar el - modern day eel/copper or oar people of
arling   arl ing  
arl - modern day eel
nering to protect(fortifield) - appears to show border posts as the Saxons expand.
arun   aþum   brother in law
as   æsc   ash tree
ash   æsc   ash tree
ashes   æsc   ash trees
ast   east   est
attle   at-land   place where oats are grown
avon   afon   the river avon
ax   æsc   ash tree
ending in ay   æg   an island also eye, ye, sea
ayl   æl   an eel
ayles   ægles   eagles
bac   bæce/bæc   beech tree/brook
bad   baed   bed or carrier of letters(postman) or bath
bag   baeg   a collar
bake   becc   a beck or brook
ban   ban   bone
bank   banc   a bench, bank, hillock or tumulus tumulus
bar   bær   beer or a place where barley was grown
barc   barc   bark of a tree
barm   barm   a bosom
bas   basu   a type of scarlet robe
basing   basing   a short cloak
bath   bæþ   bath - usually associated with natural warm springs
baw   bær/bar   a pasture/a boar
beacon   beacen   a high point where warnings can be made
becc   becc   a beck or brook
bed   baed   bed or carrier of letters(postman) or bath
bedd   baed   bed or carrier of letters(postman) or bath
beech   baece   beech tree
beer   bær   beer or a place where barley was grown
beest   bæst   rope making - the inner part of the linden or lime-tree was mostly used for making ropes
bell   bæl   fire, flame probably the fire of a funeral pile a crematorium
benen   binne   a manger - so most likely sheep
ber   bær   beer or a place where barley was grown
berg   beorg   a high place - a hill
berk   berc   a birch tree
berke   berc   a birch tree
berry   beorg/berie   a high place - a hill / berry
beth   b hythe   hythe - a harbour or port
bi   bærn   barn
bidden   biddende   praying - a religous center
big   bicgan   to buy possible a market
bil   bæl/bil   a place of funerals/a bill hook
bill   bæl/bil   a place of funerals/a bill hook
bin   binne   a manger - so most likely sheep
birch   birka/berc/beorc   birch tree
birl   birele   cupbearer
bishop   bisceop   land owned by a bishop
bitt   byt   bottle or flagon
black   blaec   black or black land
blake   blæc   black or black land
bland   blandan   a place where people meet
blatch   blæc   black or black land
blick   blæc   black or black land
blue   bleo   blue
bodi   bodan   ships keel - probably shipyard
bodle   bǽdel/bydel   a beadle - a preacher, herald, proclaimer or minister
bog   bog/bæg   an arm or shoulder/a collar
bognor   bugan ora   landing place of the inhabitants
bol   bol   a curving shape
bonn   beam   trees
bor   bor / boring   a borer, gimlet / place where a tidal bore takes place - narrow point of a river between two hills
bore   boring   place where a tidal bore takes place - narrow point of a river between two hills
born   burn   a brook or stream
borne   burn   a brook or stream
borough   burh   fortified place, castle - associated with old Roman forts
bos   bæst   rope making - the inner part of the linden or lime-tree was mostly used for making ropes
bosh   bæst   rope making - the inner part of the linden or lime-tree was mostly used for making ropes
bottom   botm   lowest or deepest part of anything
bough   boh   anything curved or bent such as a tree bough
bourn   burn   a brook or stream
bourne   burn   a brook or stream
ending in br   bricge   a bridge
brad   brad   broad
brain   breneþ   burn, burning
bram   bræmel   a bramble
brast   þæst   leaven or ferment
brede   bræde   roasted meat or wide
bren   byrnan   burning
brench   breneþ   burning - probably a signal point
brent   brent   river brent
brid   bridd   young birds, presumably a bird colony
bridg   bricge   a bridge
bridge   bricge   a bridge
bright   birihto   bright, wide view
bris   bræs   brass
broad   bræd   broad or wide
brocken   broccen   a long coat made of badger skins
brom   brom   broom plant
brook   broca   a brook, a spring or rivulet
broom   brom   broom plant
brough   burh/beorg   fortified place, castle - usually associated with old Roman forts - can also be used to mean high place
brown   brun   colour produced by burning
brox   brocc   badgers
buck   buc   a male deer
bull   bul   male farm animal
bulver   burgh wær   burh/beorg - fortified place, castle - usually associated with old Roman forts / a high place - hill
wær - the sea
bung   þung   a poisonous plant
bunt   brant   high, deep, steep, difficult,
bur   beorg   a high place - a hill
burg   beorg   a high place - hill
burgh   burh/beorg   fortified place, castle - usually associated with old Roman forts / a high place - hill
burn   burn   a brook or stream
bury   burh/beorg/berie   fortified place, castle - usually associated with old Roman forts / can also be used to mean high place / berry
caister   cæster   roman fortified town- from latin castrum
caistor   cæster   roman fortified town- from latin castrum
calde   ceald   cold - probably meaning abandoned - usually associated with roman locations
caldecot   ceald cotlyf   cold village - probably meaning an abandoned small roman locations
calne   calan   cold
cam   cam   river cam
canter   cantwara   the tribe occupying kent pre saxon
carr   carr   a rock
caster   cæster   roman fortified town- from latin castrum
castle   cæster / castle   roman fortified town- from latin castrum or possibly a villa complex/or Norman for fortified place
castor   cæster   roman fortified town- from latin castrum
cat   cattes   cat mint
cater   citere   a harp
cats   cattes   cat mint
caw   cawl   colewort - field cabbage
cawl   cawl   colewort - field cabbage
ceat   sceat   promentory
cester   ceaster   roman fortified town
ceter   ceaster   roman fortified town
chaf   ceaf   chaff
chaff   ceaf   chaff
chai   cælc/cealf   chalk/calf
chalv   cealf   calf
chat   cete   A cabin or cellar
cheap   ceap   good price - market
chel   cel   a basket
chelten   ciltern   the chiltern hills
chep   ceap   good price - market
chester   ceaster   roman fortified town
chi   chyae   a crow or jay
chid   cetel   a kettle
chidd   cetel   a kettle
chil   cele/ceorl   cold / a freeman
chip   ceap   good price - market
chipp   ceap   good price - market
chipping   ceapen   to trade, market
church   cirice   burial ground
ciren   cicen   chicken
clay   clæg   clay or possibly pottery
cleve   cleaf   to clove or cut
cley   clæg   clay or possibly pottery
cliff   clif   a cliff or steep decent
cliffe   clif   a cliff or steep decent
cock   cocc/coccel   a male chicken/cockle
col   coln   river colne/pebble stones
cole   cawl   kale or cabbage
coll   cnoll   a hill top
coln   coln   a pebble or stone
comb   comb   a valley
combe   comb   a valley
comp   comb   a valley
cook   coc/coccel   a cock / cockles
cool   cæol/cæle   a small ship or vessel/a keel
coombe   comb   a valley
cor   cor   river cor
corn   corn   corn - wheat
cors   cærse   watercress
cosh   cærse   watercress
cot   cotlyf   a small village
cott   cotlyf   a small village
coty   cotlyf   a small village
coven   cofan   convent
cox   coc   a cock
cran   cræn   the bird - crane
craw   crawe   the bird - crow
credi   credic   a bowl
cricket   crocca   a pot or pitcher
cro   craw/crog   a crow the bird/a small bottle - amphora
cross   cruce   a cross(religious) , a crook or water pot, a crossing point
crow   craw/crog   a crow the bird/a small bottle - amphora
cuck   coccel   cockles
dale   dæl   valley
dalling   daeling   a dividing,a parting - a border or boundary
dane   daen/den-bera   a valley / woodland swine pasture
darenth   daroþ   spear, javelin, weapon
dart   daroþ   spear, javelin or weapon
deep   deop   a deep place on land or deep water near the sea
deeping   diþing   killing place
del   dell   a deep hollow or vale
dell   dell   a deep hollow or vale
den   daen/den-bera   a valley / woodland swine pasture
dere   deor   deer
des   dærst   ferment
dic   dik   a dyke, a mound or bank
dich   dik   a dyke, a mound or bank
dick   dik   a dyke, a mound or bank
dik   dik   a dyke, a mound or bank
dike   dic   trench, ditch; an earthwork with a trench or a moat
diss   þes   place of demons
ditch   dik   a dyke, a mound or bank
don   daen/den-bera   a valley / woodland swine pasture
dor   dora/dor   a bumble bee/door
dorm   þorn   a thorn
dorn   þorn   a thorn
down   dun/dune   a hill, mountain
drif   dræf   a drove
duck   duce   a duck
dun   dun   a mountain or hill / brown and black colour
dune   dun   a hill
dunge   dinne   stormy or tempestuous
dur   deor   deer
durr   deor   deer
dyke   dic   trench, ditch; an earthwork with a trench or a moat
dym   demman   dam to stop water
earl   eorl   an earl, important person
east   east   east
ebb   ebba/yppe   ebb low tide a receding of water/a raised place, a lookout place
ebbs   ebba/yppe   ebb low tide a receding of water/a raised place, a lookout place
eden   eðan   overflowing
edge   ecg   corner, edge or point
edmund   edmund   a saint
edmunds   edmund   a saint
eel   æl   an eel
ellen   ellen   elder tree
elm   ellm   elm tree
elms   ellm   elm tree
ely   leah   woodland clearing
en   en   word termination usually means 'of'
end   ende   end terminus
epp   yppe   a raised place, a lookout place
eps   ebba/yppe   ebb low tide a receding of water/a raised place, a lookout place
er   ir   axe shaped ridge
eridge   ern hrycg   eagle ridge
ern   ærn   a house or cottage
erne   ærn   a house or cottage
es   æs/æst   meat/east
ending in et   æg   æg - an island also eye, ye, sea
etch   weacg   metal
ew   euwa   a sheep
ewe   euwa   a sheep
ex   æc   oak tree
ey   æg   an island also eye, ye, sea
ending in ey   æg   an island also eye, ye, sea
eye   æg   an island also eye, ye, sea
fair   fær   a ship or vessel
fairwarp   feld-wyrt   herb - field wort
faken   þacian   to thatch
fare   fær   journey or fair or fever
farth   feorða   a quarter or piece
faver   fæðer   feathers
felt   felt   a saddle cloth
fen   fenn   a fen
fern   fearn   a fern
field   feld   a field however quite a number were derived from welle a well
fields   feld   a field however quite a number were derived from welle a well
fil   fild   a level field, even, flat land
fin   fioh-en   cattle - male - bulls
firle   firhþ/firl   peaceful/distant place
firth   frið   peaceful
five   fif   five
fleet   fleot   a fast moving body of water,a bay, estuary, river etc - a place where boats float
fleg   flega   fly
flem   flæm   put to flight - possibly a battleground
fletch   flæsc   flesh - possibly deer
flim   flime   fugitives
flint   flint   a hard brittle rock
fms   ferme   originally a rent or lease, from 17th century the current meaning of farm
fo   feoh   cattle
fold   fealdan   pen or enclosure for sheep or other domestic animals
folds   fealdan   pen or enclosure for sheep or other domestic animals
folk   folc/feoh   people or tribe / cattle
folke   folc/feoh   people or tribe / cattle
folking   folc/feoh nering   folc/feoh - people or tribe / cattle
nering - to protect(fortified) - appears to show border posts as the Saxons expand.
ford   forda   shallow place where a river can be crossed
forth   forda   shallow place where a river can be crossed
fos   fæs   a fringe/boundary usually associated with a ditch
foss   fæs   a fringe/boundary usually associated with a ditch
four   foewer   number four
fram   fram   firm or stout
friez   fæs   fringe or border
fril   þræl   slave a thrall
fris   frysa   a frieslander
frist   fyrste/fyrst   torch or warning place/owned by a prince
frith   frið   peaceful
fritten   fennig   marshy, muddy
frome   fram   firm or stout
furz   fyrs   juniper trees
furze   fyrs   juniper trees
gain   þegn   thane - a servant, one who does service for another
gate   gat   an entrance - from gat eye of a needle or a hole - appears related to roman roads, or parks
gid   gid   a song or entertainment
gidd   gid   a song or entertainment
gild   gild   a fraternity - guild
giming   gamian   to game, play, sport
gla   glæs   glass
glou   glæw   skilful
glynde   glind   fence of boards or railing
gnat   gnæt   a gnat
goat   geat   goat
god   god   good
gold   gold/geld   metal/castrate - possibly means horses here
golden   gold/geld   metal/castrate - possibly means horses here
goose   gos   a goose
gor   gor   pulp or dirt
gote   geat   goat
goud   gewæd   a ford
graf   graf   a grove of trees
graves   græf   trench/bush or bramble
gray   graeg   colour between black and white
great   great   big, tall, thick, stout, massive; coarse
green   grene   grassy
grey   graeg   colour between black and white
grin   grin   a snare or trap
groom   brom   broom plant
grove   groue   a grove
guest   gist/gæst   yeast(possibly bread) or guest(visitors)
guild   ge-gild   a guild, society, or club
guist   gist   yeast probably brewing
guld   gild   a fraternity - guild
gulde   gild   a fraternity - guild
gus   gist/gæst   yeast(possibly bread) or guest(visitors)
had   hæsel/hæƿ   hazel trees / heath or wasteland where heather grows
hail   hæg/haga   an enclosure / a haw, berry of the hawthorn
hal   hæl   healing
half   healf   a half or part
hall   heall   a hall or large building
ham   hjem   home - A village or location originally found in valleys with sea access hence Home for the Saxons - in later years this derivation changed to mean near water.
hammer   hamor   a hammer
hamp   þam   well watered or wet area
hams   hjem   home - A village or location originally found in valleys with sea access hence Home for the Saxons - in later years this derivation changed to mean near water.
hand   hand   hand
hap   heap/heap   rose hip/pile
happis   haepes   rose hips
har   here   an army, a host, multitude
harbor   here-beorg   harbour or shelter
harbour   here-beorg   harbour or shelter
hard   heard   solid and firm
hare   hara   herb haresfoot
hart   heort   a male deer or stag
harts   heort   a male deer or stag
hast   haeste   a storm, wild sea
hatch   haecce   a fence of railings or a gate usually to a royal hunting park
havant   haefen   a haven, port
haven   havn   a place on the coast where vessels may find shelter, especially one protected from rough water by piers, jetties, and other artificial structures
hawk   hafoc/haga   a hawk / a haw, berry of the hawthorn
hay   heg   hay or dried grass
head   heafod   head or promontary
heath   hæþ   heath or wasteland where heather grows
hedge   hecg   hedge
hel   hell   the grave - burial place
hell   hell   the grave - burial place
hemel   hamel   rugged
heming   hemming   a type of leather shoe
hemm   haem   top
hemming   hemming   a type of leather shoe
hemp   hemeþe   an undergarment with short sleeves, a shirt
hen   haen   a hen - chicken
herne   ern   eagle
herr   haere   an army
herst   here stæþ   here meaning army and stæþ meaning a place(or stay) pronounced herestath, most seem to be later than Domesday and are found in a forested area
hert   heort   a male deer or stag
hever   hæfer   a male goat
hex   hecen/ticcen   a kid - small goat
hey   heg   hay or dried grass
heydon   hædern   a store / store room
high   hoh   of great height, tall, conspicuously elevated
hil   hyll   a hill
hill   hyll   a hill
hills   hyll   hills
hin   hæn   hen/chicken
hinck   hlinc   a bank forming a boundary
hind      a female deer
hink   hlinc   a bank forming a boundary
hirst   here stæþ   here meaning army and stæþ meaning a place(or stay) pronounced herestath, most seem to be later than Domesday and are found in a forested area
hith   hythe   a harbour or port, usually an important or first one
hithe   hythe   a harbour or port , usually an important or first one
ho   hus   short for house - dwelling, shelter, house - from Proto-Germanic *husan
hoath   hæþ   heath or wasteland where heather grows
hoe   hoh   a headland or promontory originally heel
hol   hol   A hole, hollow, cavern or den
hole   hol/hal   a hole, cavern or hollow
holk   holc   a hollow or a cavity
holl   holl/hoh   cavern/high place
holt   holt   a wood or copse
holtye   holt æ   a stream in a wood
holy   halag   holy, consecrated, sacred, godly
home   hjem   home - A village or location originally found in valleys with sea access hence Home for the Saxons - in later years this derivation changed to mean near water.
honi   haen   a hen - chicken
hoo   hoh   a headland or promontory originally heel
hooe   hoh   a headland or promontory originally heel
hook   hoc   mallow plant
hope   hofa   the court of a prince or justice
hor   hoar/heort   frosty/ a hart - stag
horn   þorn   a thorn
horne   þorn   a thorn
hors   heors   horse
hoth   hæþ   heath or wasteland where heather grows
house   hus   dwelling, shelter, house - from Proto-Germanic *husan
hove   hofe   alehoof - ground ivy
hun   hæn   hen/chicken
hunger   hanga   a slope
hurst   here stæþ   here meaning army and stæþ meaning a place(or stay) pronounced herestath, most seem to be later than Domesday and are found in a forested area
hythe   hythe   a harbour or port
i   iw   yew
iam   æg hjem   island home
ic   æc   oak
ickle   hæcce-leas   without a fence/boundary
idge   hrycg   ridge - originally a back of an animal
iham   æg hjem   island home
il   ildu   old
indge   nering   to protect(fortified) - appears to show border posts as the Jutes expand.
ing   nering   to protect(fortified) - appears to show border posts as the Saxons expand.
ing's   nering   to protect(fortified) - appears to show border posts as the Saxons expand.
ings   nering   to protect(fortified) - appears to show border posts as the Saxons expand.
inner   innera   inner interior not used till 1400's
ip   yppe   a raised place, a lookout place
ir   ir   axe shaped ridge
iren   iren   iron implements
isen   isen   iron implements
island   æg   an island also eye, ye, sea
isle   æg   an island also eye, ye, sea
ith   hythe   a harbour or port
ivy   ifig   ivy
jev   geofon   the sea
kell   cæol /cæle   a small ship or vessel/a keel
ken   kyneg/cen   a king/fierce
kid   cæd   a boat
kiln   cylen   a kiln
king   cyninge   the king's
kings   cyninge   the king's
kirt   cyrtel   vest, garment, frock or coat
kitch   cicen   chicken
knee   cneo   a knee or a bend
lady   hlæfdige   a lady
lake   lacu   a lake or pond
lam   lam   mud or clay
lamb   lamb   a lamb
lamber   lamb   a lamb
lanc   wlæc   splendid, rich, arrogant
land   land   ground, earth or field
lands   land   ground, earth or field
lane   lanu   narrow hedged-in road
lang   læng   long
lark   lawerce   a lark - bird
laugh   hlæw   a low rounded hill
law   hælw   a low rounded hill
le   leagh   a field or place
lea   leah   woodland clearing
leam   læmen   clay - earthenware
leap   hleap   to leap
lee   leagh   a field or place
lees   leagh   a field or place
leigh   leah   woodland clearing
les   læca   leech
lew   hlæw   a low rounded hill
lewes   leoþ-wis   rythmical - tidal
ley   æg/leah   an island near the sea / woodland clearing if inland
lid   hlaed   a pile or mound or agger
lide   hlaed   a pile or mound or agger
light   lihtan   to shine - give light
lim   læmen   made of clay, earthen
lime   læmen   made of clay, earthen
lin   lin/lind   flax/lime tree
lind   glind/lynd   fence of boards or railing/grease
ling   el nering   people of a fortified place - appears to show border posts as the Saxons expand.
lip   hlip/hliþ   a place to jump over / a hillside
lit   hlið   on the side of a hill
litling   litling   an infant
little   lytel   little, small
liver   liþ   limb shaped
loch   loh   an inlet or large lake
long   lange   long
lop   loppe   flea, spider or silk worm
lough   loh   an inlet or large lake
low   hlæw   a low rounded hill
lower   lower   lower than
lul   læl   flexible twigs, switches or withe
lull   læl   flexible twigs, switches or withe
ly   æg/leah   an island near the sea / woodland clearing if inland
lydd   hlaed/hlida   a pile or mound or agger / a ford
lyme   læmen   made of clay, earthen
lympne   hlimme æg   a torrent(very fast water) island
lynd   glind/lynd   fence of boards or railing/grease
lynn   lean   a gift/reward
maid   mæd   a meadow
mal   melu   flour
mallet   mælmete   food
man   mann   man
mans   mann   man
mar   maera/mære   boundaries/sea or lake (large body of water)
mark   maerc   a boundary
marl   marl   a type of limestone
marling   mere el nering  
mere - sea or inlet
el - people of
nering to protect(fortifield) - appears to show border posts as the Saxons expand.
marsh   mersc   a fen, bog or marsh
mary   mary   saint mary
mat   mæþ/ma   mowing / pickaxe
may   mæþ   mowing - hay
melk   melc   milk
mer   mære   sea or lake (large body of water)
mere   mære   sea or lake (large body of water)
mes   mesan   eating
mid   middan   central middle
middle   middel   the middle - between
mill   miln   a mill to grind grain
minster   minster   large church or monastry
mon   mon   man
moor   mor   wet boggy land
mor   mor   a moor, waste and damp land
more   mere   the sea - possibly an inlet
moss   mos   a mossy place
mount   munt   a mountain
mouth   muða   mouth of a river
ms   mesan   eating
mund   mund   guardian, man of power/hill(mound)
mylke   mylc   milc
naze   næsse   promentory, headland or cape
ne   niew   new
nes   næsse   promentory, headland or cape
ness   næsse   promentory, headland or cape
nether   næddre   adder snake
new   niew   new
newen   neowan   recent
next   neah   nearby
ney   æg   an island also eye, ye, sea
nin   nering   protective
nor   north   north
north   north   north
nut   hnutu   nut
oak   aac   oak tree
ock   aac   an acorn or oak
off   ofen   an oven or furnace usually used for processing raw materials
old   eald   old or ancient
om   hjem   home - A village or location originally found in valleys with sea access hence Home for the Saxons - in later years this derivation changed to mean near water.
ending in on   tƿrn   a high place. Usually a village or a location originally settled on hills.
ond   ond   and
ending in op   hofa   the court of a prince or justice
ore   ora   a mineral in raw state/a shore, haven or port
orle   orildu/horh   very old / clammy air - foggy
otter   otor   an otter
ottery   otor   an otter
ouse   use   the river ouse possibly derived from osle - blackbirds
outer   utera   outer outmost not used till 1400's
over   ofer   an edge, border, margin
overy   ofer-yð   excessive waves or waves of a tempestuous sea
ox   oxa   oxen
paddock   pearroc   an enclosure
pas   pise / paþ   pea / path
peas   pise   pea
pebs   petit   small
peck   pic   pitch
peel   paell   cloak or purple dye
pem   pæƿ   a path
pen   penn   a pinnacle; a promontory, cape; battlement - steep ground
pening   pening   a place for making coins
pens   penne   enclosure, pen, fold
pepper   pipor   pepper - hot herb
peter   petersilige   herb parsley/st peter
pether   pæþþan   a path
pett   pit   a pit
peven   þyften/þyflen   a female servant / bushy
pew   euwa   a sheep
pidd   piþa   a marrow
pilt   pæll   purple dye
pin   penn   a pinnacle; a promontory, cape; battlement - steep ground
pis   pæð/pi   path/pea
pit   pytt   a pit or hole in the ground
point   pynca   a point
pole   pol   a pool
pool   pol   a pool
poole   pol   a pool
post   post   post or pedestal
poul   pull   a pool
poyn   pynca   a point
pul   pull   a pool
pull   pull   a pool
pur   pur   a bittern
rack   racca   A cord, which forms part of the rigging of a ship
rad   rad   a harness
ral   heal   a corner
reac   ræce   a rake
read   ræd   red or ruddy
ret   ræt   a rat
rick   rics   the reed
ridge   hrycg   ridge - originally a back of an animal
ring   nering   to protect(fortified) - appears to show border posts as the Saxons expand.
rings   hring   old defensive celtic ring fort
ripe   rip   harvest - crop growing
ris   ræs   a whirlpool or rapid tide
roberts   roðer   sailor or rower probably means sea inlet or deep river
rod   hroða   hides - tanning possibly
rolven   rowan   rowan tree
rom   rom   a ram - sheep
ron   renge   spiders or spiders web
rother   roðer   sailor or rower probably means sea inlet or deep river
roug   ræge   a wild she goat
row   ræw   edge or border
ruck   hroc   the bird - rook
run   run   a whisper , light noise
rush   rusce   a rush plant
rust   roest   rust probably from the colour of the water
s   s   of as in 's or multiple
sale   sealh   willow tree
salis   sear   sear meaning withered and barren
salt   sealt   derived from sult which is modern salt, so a place where salt is extracted
sand   sand   sand
sax   seaxe/sæx   axe used by the saxons
scar   carr   a rock
scarp   scearpe   sharp point usually a ridge or mountain
sea   æg   an island also eye, ye, sea
seal   sealh   willow tree
sed   sæd/sadal   seed/ass donkey
sel   sealh   willow tree
sell   sealh   willow tree
selme   sealma   a bench or couch
sett   sete   place
sev   scep   a sheep
seven   seofon   seven
sex   seaxe/sæx   axe used by the saxons
sey   æg   an island also eye, ye, sea
shaftes   sceap   sheep
sham   hjem   home - A village or location originally found in valleys with sea access hence Home for the Saxons - in later years this derivation changed to mean near water.
shaw   sceag   boundary/edge of a wood
shear   sceare   to shear - sheep land
sheep   scæp   sheep
sheer   scær   plough
shef   sheaf   the river sheaf
shep   scæp   sheep
sher   sceare   to shear - usually sheep
shering   sceran   to cut or shear
shern   sceren   to shear - sheep land
ship   scæp   sheep
shipd   scæp   sheep
shire   scir   office, charge, business, administration, government - administrative area
shore   ora   a shore, haven or port
shot   sprot   a course kind of rush
sid   sid   river sid
side   syde   A decoction or a broth
slade   slæd   a flat piece of grass between two woods
slug   sloges   a muddy wet place - slough
small   smæl   small
smeeth   sméðe   smooth - flat land
snail   snægel   a snail
snar   snearu   a snare or noose - a twisted rope
snave   snæþ   a piece of land within defined limits, but without enclosures
sod   sæd   seed
somer   sumer   summer or harvest
sompt   sealt   derived from sult which is modern salt, so a place where salt is extracted
song   song/sond   a song /sand
south   suth   south
speld   speld   spill to light a candle
spit   spitu   a roasting spit / spit(point) of land
spring   spring   a well or spring
stad   stæde   a place or pasture
stade   stað   a bank or shore
staine   stenen   stoney - probably a roman road milestone or builders stone
staines   stenen   stoney - probably a roman road milestone or builders stone
staithe   stað   a bank or shore
stan   stenen   stoney - probably a roman road milestone or builders stone
stane   stenen   stoney - probably a roman road milestone or builders stone
staple   stapol   a post, pillar or column - possibly roman milepost
stathe   stað   a bank or shore
stav   steaf   staff or staves
stead   stæde   a place or pasture
stebb   steða/stybb   stables/stubble
sted   stæde   a place or pasture
steyn   stenen   stoney - probably a roman road milestone or builders stone
stiff   stif   unbending, rigid
stock   stoc   a place
stoke   stoc   a place, probably a farm or stockade
ston   stenen   stoney - probably a roman road milestone or builders stone
stone   stenen   stoney - probably a roman road milestone or builders stone
stoney   stenen   stoney - probably a roman road milestone or builders stone
stour   stour   river stour
stow   stow   a place possibly holy
stowe   stow   a place possibly holy
strand   strand   shore or side
stream   stroom   a stream
sud   suth   south
sul   suluh/sulh   a plough
sull   suluh/sulh   a plough
sund   sund/synderlic/sand   sound - noisy / private away from others / sand
sut   suth   south
swaff   swæþe   clothing
swin   swyn   pig
swine   swyn   pig
tad   tadige   toad
tar   teoru   tar, bitumen, resin, gum
tarr   teoru   tar, bitumen, resin, gum
taw   tawa   part of a cart
ted   stæde   a place or pasture
temple   tempel   a temple/church
tend   tynder   tinder for fire lighting
tenter   tender   tinder for fire lighting
tet   tæpped   wall or floor covering - carpet
than   þegn   thane - a servant, one who does service for another
thatch   þaca   thatch roofing
the   þæt   that
thet   þeod   a body of warriors, attached by personal service to the king
thorn   þorn   a thorn
thorne   þorn   a thorn
thorpe   ƿorpe   cultivated land
tice   ticcen/hecen   a kid - small goat
till   teala   farmer
titch   ticen   a small goad - kid
tod   tude   a shield
todd   tude   a shield
tol   tol   a manufacturing place
ton   tƿrn   a high place. Usually a village or a location originally settled on hills.
tor   torr   a turret or tower
torr   torr   a turret or tower
tott   to   a projection - possibly like a hoo but inland
tow   tow-lic   weaving
tree   treow   a tree
triming   trymming   protection
tring   þring   a crowd, crowded
trout   truht   a trout
try   treow   a tree
tud   tude   a shield
tun   tun   an enclosed piece of ground, a yard, court
tyne   tyne   river tyne
uck   uck   river uck in sussex
udi   uddyr   udder of a beast
ult   uloh   wool
under   under   beneath or below
urst   here stæþ   here meaning army and stæþ meaning a place(or stay) pronounced herestath, most seem to be later than Domesday and are found in a forested area
vine   win   a vine - originally latin vinum
wad   waad   woad - blue dye
waker   wæccer   watchful
wal   wæl / wul   a deep pool, gulf or deep water / wool
wald   weald   forested uplands
wall   weall   steep ,wall, lofty, high place
walla   weall   steep ,wall, lofty, high place
walt   walch   a harrow - farm
wann   wæn   waggon
war   wer   a wier
warble   wen-byl   a boil/warble, probably from the gadfly larvae in cattle
wardine   weort/worð   wort, herb/land
ware   wær   the sea
warm   wearm   warm
warp   weort/worð   wort, herb/land
wart   waeta   wetland or marsh
wash   æsc   ash tree
water   wæter   water
way   weg   a means of access - track or road
weald   wald   forested uplands
well   wælla   to well up - in relation to water
wells   wælla   to well up - in relation to water
wes   wæst   west
west   wæst   west
wester   wæst   west
wey   wey   river wey
wharf   hwearf   A wharf, bank, shore
what   hwaet/hwata   either wheat(hwaet) or the earth goddess(Hwata)
whin   win / wein   a pasture / wine
whit   wæt   wet, damp, moist
white   hwit   white
wigh   wæt   wet, moist, damp
wild   weald   a forest or wood
will   weall   a well, fountain or a wall
wilm   wylm   steam or vapour - misty
wilt   wealte/wælt   a ring or snare/thigh or sinew
wim   wylm   steam or vapour - misty
win   win / wein   a pasture / wine
winchel   wincle   the winkle, a shellfish
wind   wind   the wind, a windy place
wing   wean/wingeard   possibly a spring/or a vineyard
wir   wir   myrtle tree
with   wiðie   a withy - willow band
wither   wiððe   wither a bundle of willow twigs
withy   wiðie   a withy - willow band
witter   wæter   water
wive   webba   spiders
wok   weoce   a lamp wick
wol   wul   wool
wold   wald   forested uplands
wood   wudu   wudu, earlier widu tree, trees collectively, forest, grove.
wool   wul   wool
woot   wæt   wet, damp, moist
worth   weort/worð   wort, herb/land
worthy   weort/worð   wort, herb/land
wot   wæt   wet, damp, moist
wymond   wyl mund   The well - of a man of power and strength
ending in y   æg   an island also eye, ye, sea
yald   gældan   to pay
ye   æg   an island also eye, ye, sea
yeo   yeo   the yeo/ivel river from north dorset
yeovil   gæfel   implement fork
yew   iw   yew tree
yng   nering   to protect(fortified) - appears to show border posts as the Saxons expand.
zett   sete   place or seat(location)
zoy   æg   an island also eye, ye, sea
zoyland   æg   an island also eye, ye, sea
 

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Author Simon M - Last update - 03/04/2017 14:29