Sussex Saxons - Aelle's battle in 491AD at Pevensey

Anglo Saxon
History
Map Position

This map shows the position of locations containing '477AD, 485AD, 491AD' centered on Hollingbury in Sussex.

Map Logic

Sussex Saxons - Aelle's battle in 491AD at Pevensey.

The forest of Andredsweald is shown, which was impassable except where Roman Roads or rivers cut through it.

Roman roads are shown in black plotted from Ivan D Margary 'Roman Roads in Britain' published in 1955.

The red roads are taken from Ivan D Margary 'Roman ways in the Weald' published in 1948.

The Blue lines show the extent of the tidal rivers with the blue shaded areas showing tidal salt marshes as it would have been in Saxon times.

The purple line joins the two settlements of Lancing and Shoreham.

Yellow lines show the extremeties of Aelle rule.


 
Icon Key:
Village Farm/House
Battle Site
 

Extract from the Anglo Saxon Chronicles 491AD

Original :- Her Ælle, Cissa ymbsæton Andredescester, ofslogon alle þa þe þærinne eardedon; ne wearþ þær forþon an Bret to lafe.

Translation :- Aelle and Cissa besieged Anderida , near Pevensey, and killed all who were inside, so there was not one Briton left.

Anderida is the Roman name for the Saxon Shore Fort at Pevensey, Andredescester means the fort at the edge of Andredesleage (the forest now know as Andredsweald)

The South Saxons appear to have consolidated their western boundary at Chichester - the old Roman fortified city, and are now working their way back to the East to ensure all 'Welsh' resistance is removed in the area south of Andredsweald.

From the distribution of places containing ing(nering - fortified) it would seem that they had consolidated the Adur valley then followed the old Roman road north of the downs towards the east, pushing the 'Welsh' eastbound and finding resistance near Plumpton and Barcombe/East Malling.

Then marching past Lewes towards Pevensey where they met further resistance at Wilmington, again near Polegate where they trapped the remaining 'Welsh' on the small peninsular of Pevensey, finally attacking the Saxon Shore Fort of Anderida present day Pevensey in which they killed all remaining there.

This is my interpretation of the village names, the Roman roads and the lay of the land but would seem to be a likely scenario.



External References in no particular order :-
Original Manuscripts of the Anglo Saxon Chronicles
Online Anglo Saxon dictionary
Online Etymology dictionary
Open Domesday Book - The first free online copy of the Domesday Book
The Ermine Street Guard Roman re-enactment and research Society
The "Kent A" cadastre - page 5 - Peterson 2002
Archaeologia Cantiana Online
Romney Marsh Research Trust
Romney Marsh the Fifth Continent
VillageNet the reference guide to villages in Kent & Sussex
Global warming Flood Maps
The Anglo Saxon Chronicles
Google Maps - the core of the system
GeoPlaner - Useful site for plotting map data
Julius Caesar's Gallic Wars 55BC(Books 4 & 5)
Wikipedia - Caesar's invasions of Britain
Wikipedia - Portus Istus
The Geography of Claudius Ptolemy (Bill Thayers)
Roman Britain.org
Runetree Beowulf
Bayeux Tapestry Online
The Secrets of the Norman Invasion
Chronicles of John of Worcester
Battle Historic Society
Binsted village website(Mearcredesburnan Steðe)

 

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Author: Simon M       Document Created: 2016-07-13
Data is derived from a number or sources including the Ordnance Survey Gazetter data overlayed onto Google Maps