Hengest and Horsa defeat Wurtgern 455AD

Anglo Saxon
History
Map Position

This map shows the position of locations of type 'Town, Village, Roman City, Roman Town, Roman Villa, Roman Major Fort, Roman Station, Roman Port, Saxon Landing' containing 'borough, ing, ypwinesfleot, dubris, durovernum, portus lemanis, regulbium, rutupiae' centered on Rochester in Medway.

Map Logic

This map shows the land in 455AD.

The forest of Andredsweald is shown, which was impassable except where Roman Roads or rivers cut through it.

Roman roads are shown in black plotted from Ivan D Margary 'Roman Roads in Britain' published in 1955.

The red roads are taken from Ivan D Margary 'Roman ways in the Weald' published in 1948.

The Blue lines show the extent of the tidal rivers with the blue shaded areas showing tidal salt marshes as it would have been in Saxon times.


 
Icon Key:
Town Village
Roman City Roman Town
Roman Major Fort
 

Lets start by looking at the documentation available



Extract from the Anglo Saxon Chronicles 455AD
Original :- Her Hengest ⁊ Horsa fuhton wiþ Wyrtgeorne þam cyninge, in þære stowe þe is gecueden Agelesþrep, ⁊ his broþur Horsan man ofslog; ⁊ æfter þam Hengest feng to rice ⁊ æsc his sunu.

A.D. 455. This year Hengest and Horsa fought with Wurtgern the king on the spot that translates as Eagle Troops(An old Roman Fortress - most likely Rochester as its a strategic crossing point of the Medway). His brother Horsa being there slain, Hengest afterwards took to the kingdom with his son Esc.

Pink line - Hengest and Horsa have now pushed up from the coast at Dover probably along the Roman road, and now meet up with Wurtgern at Rochester on the Roman Road where it crosses the main trackway, they defeat him although Horsa is killed, and Hengest puts up a new line of forts/lookout posts on the London side of the Medway.

Current translation for Rochester
  Rochester derived from Hrofæscæ - hrof - roofed
æsc - son of hengest
cæstre - roman fortified town- from latin castrum
Place name translation provided by www.saxonhistory.co.ukClick here to use this translation on your website


External References in no particular order :-
Original Manuscripts of the Anglo Saxon Chronicles
Online Anglo Saxon dictionary
Online Etymology dictionary
Open Domesday Book - The first free online copy of the Domesday Book
The Ermine Street Guard Roman re-enactment and research Society
The "Kent A" cadastre - page 5 - Peterson 2002
Archaeologia Cantiana Online
Romney Marsh Research Trust
Romney Marsh the Fifth Continent
VillageNet the reference guide to villages in Kent & Sussex
Global warming Flood Maps
The Anglo Saxon Chronicles
Google Maps - the core of the system
GeoPlaner - Useful site for plotting map data
Julius Caesar's Gallic Wars 55BC(Books 4 & 5)
Wikipedia - Caesar's invasions of Britain
Wikipedia - Portus Istus
The Geography of Claudius Ptolemy (Bill Thayers)
Roman Britain.org
Runetree Beowulf
Bayeux Tapestry Online
The Secrets of the Norman Invasion

 

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Author: Simon M       Document Created: 2016-07-21
Data is derived from a number or sources including the Ordnance Survey Gazetter data overlayed onto Google Maps