16a - St Albans to Alchester
(Akeman Street and Branches)
commonly known as 'Akeman Street'

Ivan D Margary Roman Road 16a starting near Bourne End in Hertfordshire ending near Bicester in Oxfordshire ....

Anglo Saxon
History
Map Position

This map is showing 'Roman Actual named locations ' of type 'Roman City, Roman Town, Roman Villa, Roman Major Fort, Roman Station, Roman Port, Roman Bloomery' centered on Aylesbury in Buckinghamshire.

Map Logic

This map shows Roman roads shown in black derived from Ivan D Margary 'Roman Roads in Britain' published in 1955. These maps are plotted as accurately as is possible from the books. There are problems with mapping 50 years later as there have been significant road and town changes which have hidden some of the original places mentioned in the texts.

The red roads are derived from Ivan D Margary 'Roman ways in the Weald' published in 1948.

Major Roman locations are shown as icons, please click the icon for the modern location and its Roman name.

This map shows the Roman Road course described by Ivan D Margary as 16a which goes from St Albans - Alchester(Akeman Street and Branches)commonly known as 'Akeman Street'.

Icon Key:
Roman Town Roman Villa
This route passes through the following locations.
Bourne End  Hertfordshire
Berkhamsted  Hertfordshire
Tring  Hertfordshire
Aston Clinton  Buckinghamshire
Weston Turville  Buckinghamshire
Aylesbury  Buckinghamshire
Waddesdon  Buckinghamshire
Aylesbury  Buckinghamshire
Kingswood  Buckinghamshire
Aylesbury  Buckinghamshire
Bicester  Oxfordshire
Current translation for Bourne End
  bourne derived from burn - a brook or stream
  end derived from ende - end terminus
Place name translation provided by www.saxonhistory.co.ukClick here to use this translation on your website
Current translation for Berkhamsted
  berk derived from berc - a birch tree
  hams derived from hæem - home - A village or location originally found in valleys with sea access hence Home for the Saxons - in later years this derivation changed to mean near water.
  ted derived from stæde - a place or pasture
Place name translation provided by www.saxonhistory.co.ukClick here to use this translation on your website
Current translation for Tring
  tring derived from þring - a crowd, crowded
Place name translation provided by www.saxonhistory.co.ukClick here to use this translation on your website
Current translation for Aston Clinton
A we cannot translate at the moment
  ston derived from stenen - stoney - probably a roman road milestone or builders stone
C we cannot translate at the moment
  lin derived from lin/lind - flax/lime tree
  ton derived from tƿrn - a high place. Usually a village or a location originally settled on hills.
Place name translation provided by www.saxonhistory.co.ukClick here to use this translation on your website
Current translation for Weston Turville
We we cannot translate at the moment
  ston derived from stenen - stoney - probably a roman road milestone or builders stone
Turv we cannot translate at the moment
  il derived from ildu - old
  le derived from leagh - a field or place
Place name translation provided by www.saxonhistory.co.ukClick here to use this translation on your website
Current translation for Aylesbury
  ayles derived from ægles - eagles
  bury derived from burh/beorg/berie - fortified place, castle - usually associated with old Roman forts / can also be used to mean high place / berry
Place name translation provided by www.saxonhistory.co.ukClick here to use this translation on your website
Current translation for Waddesdon
  wad derived from waad - woad - blue dye
  des derived from dærst - ferment
  don derived from daen/den-bera - a valley / woodland swine pasture
Place name translation provided by www.saxonhistory.co.ukClick here to use this translation on your website
Current translation for Aylesbury
  ayles derived from ægles - eagles
  bury derived from burh/beorg/berie - fortified place, castle - usually associated with old Roman forts / can also be used to mean high place / berry
Place name translation provided by www.saxonhistory.co.ukClick here to use this translation on your website
Current translation for Kingswood
  kings derived from cyninge - the king's
  wood derived from wudu - wudu, earlier widu tree, trees collectively, forest, grove.
Place name translation provided by www.saxonhistory.co.ukClick here to use this translation on your website
Current translation for Aylesbury
  ayles derived from ægles - eagles
  bury derived from burh/beorg/berie - fortified place, castle - usually associated with old Roman forts / can also be used to mean high place / berry
Place name translation provided by www.saxonhistory.co.ukClick here to use this translation on your website
Current translation for Bicester
  bi derived from bærn - barn
  cester derived from ceaster - roman fortified town
Place name translation provided by www.saxonhistory.co.ukClick here to use this translation on your website
 
Locations Shown on map
Original Name Current Name
Roman Town
Alchester Roman Town 
Roman Town
Verulamium Roman Town Modern name is St Albans
Roman Villa
Villa Roman Villa 
Roman Town
Dorchester on Thames Roman Town 


External References in no particular order :-
Original Manuscripts of the Anglo Saxon Chronicles
Online Anglo Saxon dictionary
Online Etymology dictionary
Open Domesday Book - The first free online copy of the Domesday Book
The Ermine Street Guard Roman re-enactment and research Society
The "Kent A" cadastre - page 5 - Peterson 2002
Archaeologia Cantiana Online
Romney Marsh Research Trust
Romney Marsh the Fifth Continent
VillageNet the reference guide to villages in Kent & Sussex
Global warming Flood Maps
The Anglo Saxon Chronicles
Google Maps - the core of the system
GeoPlaner - Useful site for plotting map data
Julius Caesar's Gallic Wars 55BC(Books 4 & 5)
Wikipedia - Caesar's invasions of Britain
Wikipedia - Portus Istus
The Geography of Claudius Ptolemy (Bill Thayers)
Roman Britain.org
Runetree Beowulf
Bayeux Tapestry Online
The Secrets of the Norman Invasion
Chronicles of John of Worcester
Battle Historic Society
Binsted village website(Mearcredesburnan Steðe)

 

Copyright saxonhistory.co.uk 2013 - 2018
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Author: Simon M       Document Created: 14/09/2017
Data is derived from a number or sources including the Ordnance Survey Gazetter data overlayed onto Google Maps