18d - Derby(little Chester) to Chesterfield
(Derby(little Chester) to Chesterfield)
commonly known as 'Ryknild Street'

Ivan D Margary Roman Road 18d starting near Derby in Derby ending near Chesterfield in Derbyshire ....

Anglo Saxon
History
Map Position

This map is showing 'Roman Actual named locations ' of type 'Roman City, Roman Town, Roman Villa, Roman Major Fort, Roman Station, Roman Port, Roman Bloomery' centered on 53.08943,-1.4194 in Derbyshire.

Map Logic

This map shows Roman roads shown in black derived from Ivan D Margary 'Roman Roads in Britain' published in 1955. These maps are plotted as accurately as is possible from the books. There are problems with mapping 50 years later as there have been significant road and town changes which have hidden some of the original places mentioned in the texts.

The red roads are derived from Ivan D Margary 'Roman ways in the Weald' published in 1948.

Major Roman locations are shown as icons, please click the icon for the modern location and its Roman name.

This map shows the Roman Road course described by Ivan D Margary as 18d which goes from Derby(little Chester) - Chesterfield(Derby(little Chester) - Chesterfield)commonly known as 'Ryknild Street'.

Icon Key:
 Unknown Town
Village Ward/Hamlet
Farm/House Wood
River/Lake Lane/Road
Valley Hill
Roman City Roman Town
Roman Villa Roman Major Fort
Roman Station Norman Ships
Saxon Port Saxon Fort
Norman Fort Battle Site
Roman Port Roman Bloomery
Saxon Landing
This route passes through the following locations.
Derby  Derby
Breadsall  Derbyshire
Morley  Derbyshire
Ilkeston  Derbyshire
Ilkeston  Derbyshire
Horsley Woodhouse  Derbyshire
Ripley  Derbyshire
Denby Village  Derbyshire
Ripley  Derbyshire
Lower Hartshay  Derbyshire
Ripley  Derbyshire
Pentrich  Derbyshire
Oakerthorpe  Derbyshire
Alfreton  Derbyshire
Higham  Derbyshire
Alfreton  Derbyshire
Stretton  Derbyshire
Clay Cross  Derbyshire
Chesterfield  Derbyshire
Old Tupton  Derbyshire
New Tupton  Derbyshire
Wingerworth  Derbyshire
Chesterfield  Derbyshire
Current translation for Derby
D we cannot translate at the moment
  er derived from ir - axe shaped ridge
  by derived from by - near
Place name translation provided by www.saxonhistory.co.ukClick here to use this translation on your website
Current translation for Breadsall
Breadsall we cannot translate at the moment
Place name translation provided by www.saxonhistory.co.ukClick here to use this translation on your website
Current translation for Morley
  mor derived from mor - a moor, waste and damp land
  ley derived from æg/leah - an island near the sea / woodland clearing if inland
Place name translation provided by www.saxonhistory.co.ukClick here to use this translation on your website
Current translation for Ilkeston
  il derived from ildu - old
ke we cannot translate at the moment
  ston derived from stenen - stoney - probably a roman road milestone or builders stone
Place name translation provided by www.saxonhistory.co.ukClick here to use this translation on your website
Current translation for Ilkeston
  il derived from ildu - old
ke we cannot translate at the moment
  ston derived from stenen - stoney - probably a roman road milestone or builders stone
Place name translation provided by www.saxonhistory.co.ukClick here to use this translation on your website
Current translation for Horsley Woodhouse
  hors derived from heors - horse
  ley derived from æg/leah - an island near the sea / woodland clearing if inland
  wood derived from wudu - wudu, earlier widu tree, trees collectively, forest, grove.
  house derived from hus - dwelling, shelter, house - from Proto-Germanic *husan
Place name translation provided by www.saxonhistory.co.ukClick here to use this translation on your website
Current translation for Ripley
R we cannot translate at the moment
  ip derived from yppe - a raised place, a lookout place
  ley derived from æg/leah - an island near the sea / woodland clearing if inland
Place name translation provided by www.saxonhistory.co.ukClick here to use this translation on your website
Current translation for Denby Village
  den derived from daen/den-bera - a valley / woodland swine pasture
  by derived from by - near
V we cannot translate at the moment
  il derived from ildu - old
l we cannot translate at the moment
  ag derived from haga - A haw, berry of the hawthorn or an enclosure
e we cannot translate at the moment
Place name translation provided by www.saxonhistory.co.ukClick here to use this translation on your website
Current translation for Ripley
R we cannot translate at the moment
  ip derived from yppe - a raised place, a lookout place
  ley derived from æg/leah - an island near the sea / woodland clearing if inland
Place name translation provided by www.saxonhistory.co.ukClick here to use this translation on your website
Current translation for Lower Hartshay
  lower derived from lower - lower than
  harts derived from heort - a male deer or stag
  hay derived from heg - hay or dried grass
Place name translation provided by www.saxonhistory.co.ukClick here to use this translation on your website
Current translation for Ripley
R we cannot translate at the moment
  ip derived from yppe - a raised place, a lookout place
  ley derived from æg/leah - an island near the sea / woodland clearing if inland
Place name translation provided by www.saxonhistory.co.ukClick here to use this translation on your website
Current translation for Pentrich
  pen derived from pen - head or end
tr we cannot translate at the moment
  ic derived from æc - oak
h we cannot translate at the moment
Place name translation provided by www.saxonhistory.co.ukClick here to use this translation on your website
Current translation for Oakerthorpe
  oak derived from aac - oak tree
  er derived from ir - axe shaped ridge
  thorpe derived from ƿorpe - cultivated land
Place name translation provided by www.saxonhistory.co.ukClick here to use this translation on your website
Current translation for Alfreton
Alfre we cannot translate at the moment
  ton derived from tƿrn - a high place. Usually a village or a location originally settled on hills.
Place name translation provided by www.saxonhistory.co.ukClick here to use this translation on your website
Current translation for Higham
  high derived from hoh - of great height, tall, conspicuously elevated
  ending in am derived from hæme - shortened for of ham - home - A village or location originally found in valleys with sea access hence Home for the Saxons - in later years this derivation changed to mean near water.
Place name translation provided by www.saxonhistory.co.ukClick here to use this translation on your website
Current translation for Alfreton
Alfre we cannot translate at the moment
  ton derived from tƿrn - a high place. Usually a village or a location originally settled on hills.
Place name translation provided by www.saxonhistory.co.ukClick here to use this translation on your website
Current translation for Stretton
  stret derived from via strata - originally from the latin via strata(high paved road) -Old English stret (Mercian, Kentish), stræt (West Saxon)
  ton derived from tƿrn - a high place. Usually a village or a location originally settled on hills.
Place name translation provided by www.saxonhistory.co.ukClick here to use this translation on your website
Current translation for Clay Cross
  clay derived from clæg - clay or possibly pottery
  cross derived from cruce - a cross(religious) , a crook or water pot, a crossing point
Place name translation provided by www.saxonhistory.co.ukClick here to use this translation on your website
Current translation for Chesterfield
  chester derived from ceaster - roman fortified town
  field derived from feld - a field however quite a number were derived from welle a well
Place name translation provided by www.saxonhistory.co.ukClick here to use this translation on your website
Current translation for Old Tupton
  old derived from eald - old or ancient
Tup we cannot translate at the moment
  ton derived from tƿrn - a high place. Usually a village or a location originally settled on hills.
Place name translation provided by www.saxonhistory.co.ukClick here to use this translation on your website
Current translation for New Tupton
  new derived from niew - new
Tup we cannot translate at the moment
  ton derived from tƿrn - a high place. Usually a village or a location originally settled on hills.
Place name translation provided by www.saxonhistory.co.ukClick here to use this translation on your website
Current translation for Wingerworth
  wing derived from wean/wingeard - possibly a spring/or a vineyard
  erw derived from erw - acre
  or derived from or - one or the other
th we cannot translate at the moment
Place name translation provided by www.saxonhistory.co.ukClick here to use this translation on your website
Current translation for Chesterfield
  chester derived from ceaster - roman fortified town
  field derived from feld - a field however quite a number were derived from welle a well
Place name translation provided by www.saxonhistory.co.ukClick here to use this translation on your website
 
Locations Shown on map
Original Name Current Name


External References in no particular order :-
Original Manuscripts of the Anglo Saxon Chronicles
Online Anglo Saxon dictionary
Online Etymology dictionary
Open Domesday Book - The first free online copy of the Domesday Book
The Ermine Street Guard Roman re-enactment and research Society
The "Kent A" cadastre - page 5 - Peterson 2002
Archaeologia Cantiana Online
Romney Marsh Research Trust
Romney Marsh the Fifth Continent
VillageNet the reference guide to villages in Kent & Sussex
Global warming Flood Maps
The Anglo Saxon Chronicles
Google Maps - the core of the system
GeoPlaner - Useful site for plotting map data
Julius Caesar's Gallic Wars 55BC(Books 4 & 5)
Wikipedia - Caesar's invasions of Britain
Wikipedia - Portus Istus
The Geography of Claudius Ptolemy (Bill Thayers)
Roman Britain.org
Runetree Beowulf
Bayeux Tapestry Online
The Secrets of the Norman Invasion
Chronicles of John of Worcester
Battle Historic Society
Binsted village website(Mearcredesburnan Steðe)

 

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Author: Simon M       Document Created: 28/01/2018
Data is derived from a number or sources including the Ordnance Survey Gazetter data overlayed onto Google Maps