3a - London to Chelmsford
(The Great Road, London to Chelmsford)
commonly known as 'The Great Road'

Ivan D Margary Roman Road 3a starting near London in Greater London ending near Chelmsford in Essex ....

Anglo Saxon
History
Map Position

This map is showing 'Roman Actual named locations ' of type 'Roman City, Roman Town, Roman Villa, Roman Major Fort, Roman Station, Roman Port, Roman Bloomery' centered on Brentwood in Essex.

Map Logic

This map shows Roman roads shown in black derived from Ivan D Margary 'Roman Roads in Britain' published in 1955. These maps are plotted as accurately as is possible from the books. There are problems with mapping 50 years later as there have been significant road and town changes which have hidden some of the original places mentioned in the texts.

The red roads are derived from Ivan D Margary 'Roman ways in the Weald' published in 1948.

Major Roman locations are shown as icons, please click the icon for the modern location and its Roman name.

This map shows the Roman Road course described by Ivan D Margary as 3a which goes from London - Chelmsford(The Great Road, London - Chelmsford)commonly known as 'The Great Road'.

Icon Key:
Roman City Roman Town
This route passes through the following locations.
London  Greater London
Ilford  Greater London
Dagenham  Greater London
Romford  Greater London
Brentwood  Essex
Mountnessing  Essex
Ingatestone  Essex
Margaretting  Essex
Chelmsford  Essex
Current translation for London
  london derived from lunden burh - from roman londinium
Place name translation provided by www.saxonhistory.co.ukClick here to use this translation on your website
Current translation for Ilford
  il derived from ildu - old
  ford derived from forda - shallow place where a river can be crossed
Place name translation provided by www.saxonhistory.co.ukClick here to use this translation on your website
Current translation for Dagenham
D we cannot translate at the moment
  ag derived from haga - A haw, berry of the hawthorn or an enclosure
  en derived from en - word termination usually means 'of'
  ham derived from hæme - home - A village or location originally found in valleys with sea access hence Home for the Saxons - in later years this derivation changed to mean near water.
Place name translation provided by www.saxonhistory.co.ukClick here to use this translation on your website
Current translation for Romford
  rom derived from rom - a ram - sheep
  ford derived from forda - shallow place where a river can be crossed
Place name translation provided by www.saxonhistory.co.ukClick here to use this translation on your website
Current translation for Brentwood
  brent derived from brent - river brent
  wood derived from wudu - wudu, earlier widu tree, trees collectively, forest, grove.
Place name translation provided by www.saxonhistory.co.ukClick here to use this translation on your website
Current translation for Mountnessing
  mount derived from munt - a mountain
  ness derived from næsse - promentory, headland or cape
  ing derived from nering - to protect(fortified) - appears to show border posts as the Saxons expand.
Place name translation provided by www.saxonhistory.co.ukClick here to use this translation on your website
Current translation for Ingatestone
  in derived from within - within
  gate derived from gat - an entrance - from gat eye of a needle or a hole - appears related to roman roads, or parks
  stone derived from stenen - stoney - probably a roman road milestone or builders stone
Place name translation provided by www.saxonhistory.co.ukClick here to use this translation on your website
Current translation for Margaretting
  mar derived from maera/mære - boundaries/sea or lake (large body of water)
  gar derived from garðr - enclosure
ett we cannot translate at the moment
  ing derived from nering - to protect(fortified) - appears to show border posts as the Saxons expand.
Place name translation provided by www.saxonhistory.co.ukClick here to use this translation on your website
Current translation for Chelmsford
  chel derived from cel - a basket
  ms derived from mesan - eating
  ford derived from forda - shallow place where a river can be crossed
Place name translation provided by www.saxonhistory.co.ukClick here to use this translation on your website
 
Locations Shown on map
Original Name Current Name
Roman City
Londinium Roman City Modern name is London
Roman Town
Verulamium Roman Town Modern name is St Albans


External References in no particular order :-
Original Manuscripts of the Anglo Saxon Chronicles
Online Anglo Saxon dictionary
Online Etymology dictionary
Open Domesday Book - The first free online copy of the Domesday Book
The Ermine Street Guard Roman re-enactment and research Society
The "Kent A" cadastre - page 5 - Peterson 2002
Archaeologia Cantiana Online
Romney Marsh Research Trust
Romney Marsh the Fifth Continent
VillageNet the reference guide to villages in Kent & Sussex
Global warming Flood Maps
The Anglo Saxon Chronicles
Google Maps - the core of the system
GeoPlaner - Useful site for plotting map data
Julius Caesar's Gallic Wars 55BC(Books 4 & 5)
Wikipedia - Caesar's invasions of Britain
Wikipedia - Portus Istus
The Geography of Claudius Ptolemy (Bill Thayers)
Roman Britain.org
Runetree Beowulf
Bayeux Tapestry Online
The Secrets of the Norman Invasion
Chronicles of John of Worcester
Battle Historic Society
Binsted village website(Mearcredesburnan Steðe)

 

Copyright saxonhistory.co.uk 2013 - 2018
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Author: Simon M       Document Created: 23/01/2018
Data is derived from a number or sources including the Ordnance Survey Gazetter data overlayed onto Google Maps