A representation of the Romney Marsh Area after the storm in 566AD

Anglo Saxon
History
Map Position

This map shows the position of locations showing 'Saxon, Roman Actual named locations ' of type 'Roman Town, Roman Villa, Roman Major Fort, Roman Station, Roman Port, Roman Bloomery, Saxon Port' containing 'anderida, bodiam, dubris, durobrivae, durovernum, hythe, old hastings, portus lemanis, regulbium, romney, rye' centered on Iden in Sussex.

Map Logic

This map shows the Romney Marsh Area after the storm in 566AD.

The forest of Andredsweald is shown as shaded with a Green border, which was impassable except where Roman Roads or rivers cut through it.

Roman roads are shown in black plotted from Ivan D Margary 'Roman Roads in Britain' published in 1955.

The red roads are taken from Ivan D Margary 'Roman ways in the Weald' published in 1948.

The Blue shaded areas show the paths of the rivers emerging into the Romney Marsh Area.


 
Icon Key:
Roman Town Roman Major Fort
Saxon Port Roman Port
 

What do we know

In Roman times the Rother(Limen) passed along the northern edge of the Romney Marsh from Appledore through to Hythe with iron from the furnaces at Bardown near Stonegate being brought down the Limen to the current Port Lympne(Portus Lemanis).

Some time before the 8th Century the rother was blocked at Hythe.
There was in 566AD a major storm 'on the coafts of Kent, Suffex, and Hampshire', which was a likely cause of the blocking of the estuary at Hythe. The only other possibility was that it just silted up, but probably less likely.

The Rother then broke through the spit of land between the lagoon and 'Old' Romney(Rams Island) which became a major port.

The shaded areas on the Marsh area are derived from research carried out at the University of East Anglia The "Kent A" cadastre - page 5 - Peterson 2002 the main data shows the differing soil types on the marsh - implying land at various points.

Current translation for Iden
  i derived from iw - yew
  den derived from daen/den-bera - a valley / woodland swine pasture
Place name translation provided by www.saxonhistory.co.ukClick here to use this translation on your website


External References in no particular order :-
Original Manuscripts of the Anglo Saxon Chronicles
Online Anglo Saxon dictionary
Online Etymology dictionary
Open Domesday Book - The first free online copy of the Domesday Book
The Ermine Street Guard Roman re-enactment and research Society
The "Kent A" cadastre - page 5 - Peterson 2002
Archaeologia Cantiana Online
Romney Marsh Research Trust
Romney Marsh the Fifth Continent
VillageNet the reference guide to villages in Kent & Sussex
Global warming Flood Maps
The Anglo Saxon Chronicles
Google Maps - the core of the system
GeoPlaner - Useful site for plotting map data
Julius Caesar's Gallic Wars 55BC(Books 4 & 5)
Wikipedia - Caesar's invasions of Britain
Wikipedia - Portus Istus
The Geography of Claudius Ptolemy (Bill Thayers)
Roman Britain.org
Runetree Beowulf
Bayeux Tapestry Online
The Secrets of the Norman Invasion

 

Copyright saxonhistory.co.uk 2013 - 2017
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Author: Simon M       Document Created: 2016-12-05
Data is derived from a number or sources including the Ordnance Survey Gazetter data overlayed onto Google Maps