A representation of the Romney Marsh Area post the Rhee Wall

Anglo Saxon
History
Map Position

This map shows the position of locations showing 'Saxon, Roman Actual named locations ' of type 'Roman Town, Roman Villa, Roman Major Fort, Roman Station, Roman Port, Roman Bloomery, Saxon Port' containing 'anderida, bodiam, dubris, durobrivae, durovernum, hastings, hythe, new romney, portus lemanis, regulbium, rye, winchelsea' centered on Iden in Sussex.

Map Logic

This map shows the Romney Marsh Area post the building of the Rhee wall.

The forest of Andredsweald is shown as shaded with a Green border, which was impassable except where Roman Roads or rivers cut through it.

Roman roads are shown in black plotted from Ivan D Margary 'Roman Roads in Britain' published in 1955.

The red roads are taken from Ivan D Margary 'Roman ways in the Weald' published in 1948.

The Blue shaded areas show the paths of the rivers emerging into the Romney Marsh Area.


 
Icon Key:
Roman Town Roman Major Fort
Saxon Port Roman Port
 

What do we know

The Rother was tidal to at least Bodiam, and the effects probably reached further upstream past Etchingham to Tidebrook near Stonegate.

The Storm in 1287AD blocked the outlet to the Rother at New Romney, and formed a salt marsh lagoon to the northern edge of the marshes. It would seem likely that the Rhee Wall was built during the later 13th century to start 'inning' the lagoon to turn it into farmland.

At this point in time the Rother flowed to the north of the Isle of Oxney then round to rye unlike today when it passes to the south of the island.

The shaded areas on the Marsh area are derived from research carried out at the University of East Anglia The "Kent A" cadastre - page 5 - Peterson 2002 the main data shows the differing soil types on the marsh - implying land at various points.



External References in no particular order :-
Original Manuscripts of the Anglo Saxon Chronicles
Online Anglo Saxon dictionary
Online Etymology dictionary
Open Domesday Book - The first free online copy of the Domesday Book
The Ermine Street Guard Roman re-enactment and research Society
The "Kent A" cadastre - page 5 - Peterson 2002
Archaeologia Cantiana Online
Romney Marsh Research Trust
Romney Marsh the Fifth Continent
VillageNet the reference guide to villages in Kent & Sussex
Global warming Flood Maps
The Anglo Saxon Chronicles
Google Maps - the core of the system
GeoPlaner - Useful site for plotting map data
Julius Caesar's Gallic Wars 55BC(Books 4 & 5)
Wikipedia - Caesar's invasions of Britain
Wikipedia - Portus Istus
The Geography of Claudius Ptolemy (Bill Thayers)
Roman Britain.org
Runetree Beowulf
Bayeux Tapestry Online
The Secrets of the Norman Invasion
Chronicles of John of Worcester
Battle Historic Society
Binsted village website(Mearcredesburnan Steðe)

 

Copyright saxonhistory.co.uk 2013 - 2017
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Author: Simon M       Document Created: 2017-10-07
Data is derived from a number or sources including the Ordnance Survey Gazetter data overlayed onto Google Maps