18a - Bourton On The Water to Alcester
(Bourton On The Water to Alcester)
commonly known as 'Ryknild Street'

Ivan D Margary Roman Road 18a starting near Cheltenham in Gloucestershire ending near Alcester in Warwickshire ....

Anglo Saxon
History
Map Position

This map is showing 'Roman Actual named locations ' of type 'Roman City, Roman Town, Roman Villa, Roman Major Fort, Roman Station, Roman Port, Roman Bloomery' centered on Weston Subedge in Gloucestershire.

Map Logic

This map shows Roman roads shown in black derived from Ivan D Margary 'Roman Roads in Britain' published in 1955. These maps are plotted as accurately as is possible from the books. There are problems with mapping 50 years later as there have been significant road and town changes which have hidden some of the original places mentioned in the texts.

The red roads are derived from Ivan D Margary 'Roman ways in the Weald' published in 1948.

Major Roman locations are shown as icons, please click the icon for the modern location and its Roman name.

This map shows the Roman Road course described by Ivan D Margary as 18a which goes from Bourton On The Water - Alcester(Bourton On The Water - Alcester)commonly known as 'Ryknild Street'.

Icon Key:
Roman Town
Roman Villa
This route passes through the following locations.
Cheltenham  Gloucestershire
Lower Slaughter  Gloucestershire
Cheltenham  Gloucestershire
Moreton-in-Marsh  Gloucestershire
Chipping Campden  Gloucestershire
Weston Subedge  Gloucestershire
Evesham  Worcestershire
Bidford-on-Avon  Warwickshire
Alcester  Warwickshire
Wixford  Warwickshire
Oversley Castle  Warwickshire
Alcester  Warwickshire
Current translation for Cheltenham
  chelten derived from ciltern - the chiltern hills
  ham derived from hjem - home - A village or location originally found in valleys with sea access hence Home for the Saxons - in later years this derivation changed to mean near water.
Place name translation provided by www.saxonhistory.co.ukClick here to use this translation on your website
Current translation for Lower Slaughter
  low derived from hlæw - a low rounded hill
  er derived from ir - axe shaped ridge
  s derived from s - of as in 's or multiple
laught we cannot translate at the moment
  er derived from ir - axe shaped ridge
Place name translation provided by www.saxonhistory.co.ukClick here to use this translation on your website
Current translation for Cheltenham
  chelten derived from ciltern - the chiltern hills
  ham derived from hjem - home - A village or location originally found in valleys with sea access hence Home for the Saxons - in later years this derivation changed to mean near water.
Place name translation provided by www.saxonhistory.co.ukClick here to use this translation on your website
Current translation for Moreton In Marsh
  more derived from mere - the sea - possibly an inlet
  ton derived from tƿrn - a high place. Usually a village or a location originally settled on hills.
  in derived from within - within
  marsh derived from mersc - a fen, bog or marsh
Place name translation provided by www.saxonhistory.co.ukClick here to use this translation on your website
Current translation for Chipping Campden
  chipping derived from ceapen - to trade, market
C we cannot translate at the moment
  amp derived from þam - well watered or wet area
  den derived from daen/den-bera - a valley / woodland swine pasture
Place name translation provided by www.saxonhistory.co.ukClick here to use this translation on your website
Current translation for Weston Subedge
We we cannot translate at the moment
  ston derived from stenen - stoney - probably a roman road milestone or builders stone
  sub derived from sub - under, below, beneath, at the foot of
  edge derived from ecg - corner, edge or point
Place name translation provided by www.saxonhistory.co.ukClick here to use this translation on your website
Current translation for Evesham
Eve we cannot translate at the moment
  sham derived from hjem - home - A village or location originally found in valleys with sea access hence Home for the Saxons - in later years this derivation changed to mean near water.
Place name translation provided by www.saxonhistory.co.ukClick here to use this translation on your website
Current translation for Bidford On Avon
  bi derived from bærn - barn
d we cannot translate at the moment
  ford derived from forda - shallow place where a river can be crossed
  on derived from on - near
  avon derived from afon - the river avon
Place name translation provided by www.saxonhistory.co.ukClick here to use this translation on your website
Current translation for Alcester
  al derived from el - eel
  cester derived from ceaster - roman fortified town
Place name translation provided by www.saxonhistory.co.ukClick here to use this translation on your website
Current translation for Wixford
W we cannot translate at the moment
  ix derived from IX/vicus - possibly derived from the Roman Ninth Legion Hispana/diminuitive of wick - small provincial roman town
  ford derived from forda - shallow place where a river can be crossed
Place name translation provided by www.saxonhistory.co.ukClick here to use this translation on your website
Current translation for Oversley Castle
  over derived from ofer - an edge, border, margin
  s derived from s - of as in 's or multiple
  ley derived from æg/leah - an island near the sea / woodland clearing if inland
  castle derived from cæster / castle - roman fortified town- from latin castrum or possibly a villa complex/or Norman for fortified place
Place name translation provided by www.saxonhistory.co.ukClick here to use this translation on your website
Current translation for Alcester
  al derived from el - eel
  cester derived from ceaster - roman fortified town
Place name translation provided by www.saxonhistory.co.ukClick here to use this translation on your website
 
Locations Shown on map
Original Name Current Name
Roman Town
Lactodurum Roman Town Modern name is Towcester
Roman Town
Alchester Roman Town 
Roman Villa
Villa Roman Villa 
Roman Town
Lactodurum Roman Town Modern name is Towcester
Roman Town
Alchester Roman Town 
Roman Villa
Villa Roman Villa 


External References in no particular order :-
Original Manuscripts of the Anglo Saxon Chronicles
Online Anglo Saxon dictionary
Online Etymology dictionary
Open Domesday Book - The first free online copy of the Domesday Book
The Ermine Street Guard Roman re-enactment and research Society
The "Kent A" cadastre - page 5 - Peterson 2002
Archaeologia Cantiana Online
Romney Marsh Research Trust
Romney Marsh the Fifth Continent
VillageNet the reference guide to villages in Kent & Sussex
Global warming Flood Maps
The Anglo Saxon Chronicles
Google Maps - the core of the system
GeoPlaner - Useful site for plotting map data
Julius Caesar's Gallic Wars 55BC(Books 4 & 5)
Wikipedia - Caesar's invasions of Britain
Wikipedia - Portus Istus
The Geography of Claudius Ptolemy (Bill Thayers)
Roman Britain.org
Runetree Beowulf
Bayeux Tapestry Online
The Secrets of the Norman Invasion
Chronicles of John of Worcester
Battle Historic Society
Binsted village website(Mearcredesburnan Steðe)

 

Copyright saxonhistory.co.uk 2013 - 2018
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Author: Simon M       Document Created: 23/01/2018
Data is derived from a number or sources including the Ordnance Survey Gazetter data overlayed onto Google Maps