Anglo Saxon History

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Map Position

This map is showing 'Roman Implied, Roman Actual named locations ' of type 'Roman City, Roman Town, Roman Villa, Roman Major Fort, Roman Station, Roman Port, Roman Bloomery' centered on Sudbury in Suffolk.

Map Logic

This map shows Roman roads shown in black derived from Ivan D Margary 'Roman Roads in Britain' published in 1955. These maps are plotted as accurately as is possible from the books. There are problems with mapping 50 years later as there have been significant road and town changes which have hidden some of the original places mentioned in the texts.

The red roads are derived from Ivan D Margary 'Roman ways in the Weald' published in 1948.

Major Roman locations are shown as icons, please click the icon for the modern location and its Roman name.

This map shows the Roman Road course described by Ivan D Margary as 33a which goes from Chelmsford - Ixworth(Peddars Way , Chelmsford - Ixworth)commonly known as 'Peddars Way'.

Icon Key:
Roman City
Roman Town
Roman Major Fort

33a - Chelmsford to Ixworth
(Peddars Way , Chelmsford to Ixworth)
commonly known as 'Peddars Way'

Ivan D Margary Roman Road 33a starting near Chelmsford in Essex ending near Ixworth in Suffolk ....

This route passes through the following locations.
Chelmsford  Essex
Little Waltham  Essex
Chelmsford  Essex
Braintree  Essex
Gosfield  Essex
Halstead  Essex
Castle Hedingham  Essex
Halstead  Essex
Bulmer  Essex
Long Melford  Suffolk
Sudbury  Suffolk
Bury Saint Edmunds  Suffolk
Bradfield Combust  Suffolk
Bury Saint Edmunds  Suffolk
Ixworth  Suffolk
Current translation for Chelmsford
  chel derived from ceosel - Gravel or shingle
  ms derived from mesan - eating
  ford derived from forda - shallow place where a river can be crossed
Place name translation provided by saxonhistory.co.uk
Current translation for Little Waltham
  little derived from lytel - little, small
  walt derived from walch - a harrow - farm
  ham derived from hjem - home - A village or location originally found in valleys with sea access hence Home for the Saxons - in later years this derivation changed to mean near water.
Place name translation provided by saxonhistory.co.uk
Current translation for Chelmsford
  chel derived from ceosel - Gravel or shingle
  ms derived from mesan - eating
  ford derived from forda - shallow place where a river can be crossed
Place name translation provided by saxonhistory.co.uk
Current translation for Braintree
  brain derived from breneþ - burn, burning
  tree derived from treow - a tree
Place name translation provided by saxonhistory.co.uk
Current translation for Gosfield
Go we cannot translate at the moment
  s derived from s - of as in 's or multiple
  field derived from feld - a field however quite a number were derived from welle a well
Place name translation provided by saxonhistory.co.uk
Current translation for Halstead
  hal derived from hæl - healing
  stead derived from stæde - a place or pasture
Place name translation provided by saxonhistory.co.uk
Current translation for Castle Hedingham
  starting in castle derived from castellum - Words starting in castle are probably small Roman forts
  heding derived from hengen - a place of hanging
  ham derived from hjem - home - A village or location originally found in valleys with sea access hence Home for the Saxons - in later years this derivation changed to mean near water.
Place name translation provided by saxonhistory.co.uk
Current translation for Halstead
  hal derived from hæl - healing
  stead derived from stæde - a place or pasture
Place name translation provided by saxonhistory.co.uk
Current translation for Bulmer
Bul we cannot translate at the moment
  mer derived from mære - sea or lake (large body of water)
Place name translation provided by saxonhistory.co.uk
Current translation for Long Melford
  long derived from lange - long
Mel we cannot translate at the moment
  ford derived from forda - shallow place where a river can be crossed
Place name translation provided by saxonhistory.co.uk
Current translation for Sudbury
  sud derived from suth - south
  bury derived from burh/beorg/berie - fortified place, castle - usually associated with old Roman forts / can also be used to mean high place / berry
Place name translation provided by saxonhistory.co.uk
Current translation for Bury Saint Edmunds
  bury derived from burh/beorg/berie - fortified place, castle - usually associated with old Roman forts / can also be used to mean high place / berry
  saint derived from sanctus - saint
  edmunds derived from edmund - a saint
Place name translation provided by saxonhistory.co.uk
Current translation for Bradfield Combust
  brad derived from brad - broad
  field derived from feld - a field however quite a number were derived from welle a well
  comb derived from comb - a valley
u we cannot translate at the moment
  st derived from sanctus - saint
Place name translation provided by saxonhistory.co.uk
Current translation for Bury Saint Edmunds
  bury derived from burh/beorg/berie - fortified place, castle - usually associated with old Roman forts / can also be used to mean high place / berry
  saint derived from sanctus - saint
  edmunds derived from edmund - a saint
Place name translation provided by saxonhistory.co.uk
Current translation for Ixworth
  ix derived from IX/vicus - possibly derived from the Roman Ninth Legion Hispana/diminuitive of wick - small provincial roman town
  worth derived from weort/worð - wort, herb/land
Place name translation provided by saxonhistory.co.uk
 
Locations Shown on map
Original Name Current Name
Roman City
Clare Castle Country Park Roman City 
Roman Major Fort
Othona Roman Major Fort Modern name is Bradwell-on-sea
Roman City
Ravensburgh Castle (Fort) Roman City 
Roman City
Three Gates Bottom Roman City 
Roman Town
Verulamium Roman Town Modern name is St Albans


External References in no particular order :-
Original Manuscripts of the Anglo Saxon Chronicles
Online Anglo Saxon dictionary
Online Etymology dictionary
Open Domesday Book - The first free online copy of the Domesday Book
The Ermine Street Guard Roman re-enactment and research Society
The "Kent A" cadastre - page 5 - Peterson 2002
Archaeologia Cantiana Online
Romney Marsh Research Trust
Romney Marsh the Fifth Continent
VillageNet the reference guide to villages in Kent & Sussex
Global warming Flood Maps
The Anglo Saxon Chronicles
Google Maps - the core of the system
GeoPlaner - Useful site for plotting map data
Julius Caesar's Gallic Wars 55BC(Books 4 & 5)
Wikipedia - Caesar's invasions of Britain
Wikipedia - Portus Istus
The Geography of Claudius Ptolemy (Bill Thayers)
Roman Britain.org
Runetree Beowulf
Bayeux Tapestry Online
The Secrets of the Norman Invasion
Chronicles of John of Worcester
Battle Historic Society
Binsted village website(Mearcredesburnan Steðe)
The Spears of Andred
Find British Archaelogical Sites
Wealden Iron Research Group

 

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Author: Simon M - Last Updated: 08/04/2019 14:01
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Data is derived from a number or sources including the Ordnance Survey Gazetter data overlayed onto Google Maps