Map showing the Roman fortified centres in Essex

Anglo Saxon
History
Map Position

This map shows the position of locations of type 'Town, Village, Roman Major Fort, Roman Station' containing 'borough, burg, bury, caister, caistor, caster, castle, castor, chester'' excluding 'gate' centered on Great Leighs in Essex.

Map Logic

This map shows the occurrance of locations in Essex of implied Roman fortified centres based on the names shown above .


 
Icon Key:
Town Village
 

One or two of the plotted Roman road routes may have slight alignment issues as places and names have changed over the last 60 years since the books by Ivan Margary were published, making it very difficult to match locations exactly.

The high tide changes in the coastline shown in pale blue, and the 5 metre high tide mark on the rivers shown in dark blue.

The coastline of Essex is very different from today, with the area around the Thames, Canvey, Mersea and Brightlingsea areas being salt marsh with small islands.

For the rivers, the 5 metre mark is shown however the tidal reach could be further inland due to the back pressure from the rivers upstream.

The purple line and shaded area shows the present county boundary.

Current translation for Great Leighs
  great derived from great - big, tall, thick, stout, massive; coarse
  leigh derived from leah - woodland clearing
  s derived from s - of as in 's or multiple
Place name translation provided by www.saxonhistory.co.ukClick here to use this translation on your website


External References in no particular order :-
Original Manuscripts of the Anglo Saxon Chronicles
Online Anglo Saxon dictionary
Online Etymology dictionary
Open Domesday Book - The first free online copy of the Domesday Book
The Ermine Street Guard Roman re-enactment and research Society
The "Kent A" cadastre - page 5 - Peterson 2002
Archaeologia Cantiana Online
Romney Marsh Research Trust
Romney Marsh the Fifth Continent
VillageNet the reference guide to villages in Kent & Sussex
Global warming Flood Maps
The Anglo Saxon Chronicles
Google Maps - the core of the system
GeoPlaner - Useful site for plotting map data
Julius Caesar's Gallic Wars 55BC(Books 4 & 5)
Wikipedia - Caesar's invasions of Britain
Wikipedia - Portus Istus
The Geography of Claudius Ptolemy (Bill Thayers)
Roman Britain.org
Runetree Beowulf
Bayeux Tapestry Online
The Secrets of the Norman Invasion

 

Copyright saxonhistory.co.uk 2013 - 2017
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Author: Simon M       Document Created: 2015-12-07
Data is derived from a number or sources including the Ordnance Survey Gazetter data overlayed onto Google Maps