Saxon Seaxe Anglo Saxon History
Map Position
This map is showing 'Roman Implied, Roman Actual named locations ' of type 'Roman City, Roman Town, Roman Villa, Roman Major Fort, Roman Watch Tower, Roman Port, Roman Bloomery' centered on Graveley in Hertfordshire.
Map Logic
This map shows Roman roads shown in black derived from Ivan D Margary 'Roman Roads in Britain' published in 1955. These maps are plotted as accurately as is possible from the books. There are problems with mapping 50 years later as there have been significant road and town changes which have hidden some of the original places mentioned in the texts.

The red roads are derived from Ivan D Margary 'Roman ways in the Weald' published in 1948.

Major Roman locations are shown as icons, please click the icon for the modern location and its Roman name.

This map shows the Roman Road course described by Ivan D Margary as 221 which goes from Symonds Green - Baldock(Symonds Green - Baldock).
Icon Key:
Roman City
Roman Town

221 - Symonds Green to Baldock
(Symonds Green to Baldock)

Ivan D Margary Roman Road 221 starting near Hitchin in Hertfordshire ending near Baldock in Hertfordshire ....

This route passes through the following locations.
Hitchin  Hertfordshire
Saint Ippolyts  Hertfordshire
Stevenage  Hertfordshire
Graveley  Hertfordshire
Letchworth Garden City  Hertfordshire
Baldock  Hertfordshire
Current translation for Hitchin
  hitch derived from hæc - hatch, grating, a gate made of latticework
  in derived from en - the people of
Found in Domesday 1086AD
Name found:Hiz(Hertfordshire)
Place name translation provided by
Current translation for Saint Ippolyts
  saint derived from sanctus - saint
  ip derived from yppe - a raised place, a lookout place
po we cannot translate at the moment
  ly derived from æg/leah - an island near the sea / woodland clearing if inland
t we cannot translate at the moment
  s derived from s - of as in 's(belongs to) or multiple
Place name translation provided by
Current translation for Stevenage
  steven derived from stiþe - nettle
  age derived from æc - oak
Found in Domesday 1086AD
Names found:Stigenace(Hertfordshire)
Place name translation provided by
Current translation for Graveley
  gravel derived from gravele - sand, gravel, sea-shore or sandy bed of a river
  ey derived from æg - an island also eye, ye, sea
Found in Domesday 1086AD
Names found:Gravelai(Hertfordshire)
Place name translation provided by
Current translation for Letchworth Garden City
  letch derived from læce - leech
  worth derived from weort/worð - wort, herb/land
  garden derived from garden - garden
  city derived from city - a city
Place name translation provided by
Current translation for Baldock
  bald derived from bæl - fire
  ock derived from aac - oak tree
Place name translation provided by
Locations Shown on map
Original Name Type CountyCurrent Name
Roman Town
Lactodurum Roman Town Northamptonshire Modern name is Towcester
Roman City
Ravensburgh Castle (Fort) Roman City Bedfordshire 
Roman Town
Verulamium Roman Town Oxfordshire Modern name is St Albans

External References in no particular order :-
Anglo Saxon Chronicles
Online Anglo Saxon dictionary
Online Etymology dictionary
Open Domesday Book - The first free online copy of the Domesday Book
The Ermine Street Guard Roman re-enactment and research Society
The "Kent A" cadastre - page 5 - Peterson 2002
Archaeologia Cantiana Online
Romney Marsh Research Trust
Romney Marsh the Fifth Continent
VillageNet the reference guide to villages in Kent & Sussex
Global warming Flood Maps
The Anglo Saxon Chronicles
Google Maps - the core of the system
GeoPlaner - Useful site for plotting map data
Julius Caesar's Gallic Wars 55BC(Books 4 & 5)
Wikipedia - Caesar's invasions of Britain
Wikipedia - Portus Istus
The Geography of Claudius Ptolemy (Bill Thayers)
Runetree Beowulf
Bayeux Tapestry Online
The Secrets of the Norman Invasion
Chronicles of John of Worcester
Battle Historic Society
Binsted village website(Mearcredesburnan Steðe)
The Spears of Andred
Find British Archaelogical Sites
Wealden Iron Research Group
Topographic Map of the UK


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Author: Simon M - Last Updated: 13/03/2024 13:12
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Data is derived from a number or sources including the Ordnance Survey Gazetter data overlayed onto Google Maps