seaxe left Anglo Saxon History

seaxe right


Landscape - Archaeology
 

Land Changes effecting Anglo Saxon settlements
 

Our appreciation goes to the Yale Law School for their fabulous website recording the different versions of the Anglo Saxon Chronicles.

Other websites I believe are important to mention are the Open Domesday Book, Alex Tingle for flood.firetree.net that I use a great deal for checking where the sea would be in different historic years and bosworthtoller.com for their amazing anglo saxon dictionary site .

The invasion by the Saxons, Jutes and Angles was very much influenced by the physical world around them as they were mostly sea going peoples. The initial landings were effected by a number of factors, these included coastlines, marshland, tidal rivers that progressed a long way inland, the Forest of Andredsweald and not least the Roman Legacy.

To begin with we need to look at the evidence of the Saxon landings, which is mostly derived from the 'Anglo Saxon Chronicles' a collection of annals in Old English chronicling the history of the Anglo-Saxons which was created late in the 9th century, probably in Wessex, during the reign of Alfred the Great. Multiple copies were made of that original which were distributed to monasteries across England, where they were independently updated, nine copies are still in existance.

Secondly we need to look at the land and its shape, as this defines when and where the Saxons landed, settled and lived, and in turn what they did with the land around. The Romans called a great forest that stretched from near Ashford to Hampshire, aproximately 30 miles across as Silva-Anderida the saxons knew it as Andredesleage and later Andredesweald, this was thought of as impassible, however let us see.

We also need to look at the Roman infrastructure as this was still much in evidence when the Saxons invaded as most of the Roman roads, villas, mines and farms would still be in regular use by the local inhabitants of the South East.

The majority of the earliest recorded place names in England were written by French Monks writing in Latin from the spoken word and scribed into the Domesday Book of AD1086. This potentially provides a multitude of spelling variations for names as local pronunciations and dialects may not have been easy to understand or phonetically easy to translate into Latin by the monks.

Finally we believe that Saxon village names actually describe what the village did or where it was, rather than the usual belief that the names were personal names describing who owned areas.



Copyright saxonhistory.co.uk 2013 - 2024
Contact Simon
Author Simon M - Last updated - 2024-07-16 15:40:03
All pages on our site (Sitemap)
 
Local Interest
Just click an image
Hastings Area Archaeological Research Group
Battle Museum of Local History
(Hard to find but worth the Visit)
Talk in Code fabulous new Album
World War 2 Vehicle database
Battle and District Historical Society
Wealden Iron Research Group
Ninfield History Group
Hastings Rock the place to listen to
For all things mosaic, commissions workshops etc please contact Hannah
The Bald Explorer for local documentaries
Sigi
The Rudes as lots of people call us, are an outdoor touring theatre company specialising in taking new & original theatre to mainly small rural communities and a few towns across the South of England. We were founded in 1998 & first toured in the Summer of 1999. Currently we tour only in the summer performing 50+ times nightly during June, July & August. https://therudemechanicaltheatre.co.uk