Anglo Saxon History

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Map Position

This map shows the position of locations containing 'hurst' centered on Ardingly in Sussex.

Map Logic

This map shows the occurrance of villages containing 'HURST' a saxon term thought to mean 'a clearing in a wood/forest' but there is no actual Saxon word Hurst. As you can see there is a concentration of these hursts covering the area known as Silva Anderida by the Romans or Andredsweald by the Saxons, so the implication is that these villages/farms were within the area of the Ancient Forest, which in turn provides an approximate boundary map of the ancient forest. Please click the following link to just show the boundary.


 
Icon Key:
Town
Village
Farm/House
Wood
River/Lake
Lane/Road
Hill
Roman City
Castle/Fort
Roman Bloomery
Places containing Stone

Silva-Anderida/Andredsweald boundary map
implied by Village Names containing hurst

 

Our interpretation of the term 'hurst' found in village names in Sussex is derived from a word hyrst which is thought to mean 'a grove or a clearing in the forest' this seems to be forest related not a wood as they only seem to be in the approximate area of Andredsweald in the south east, and along the North Wales, English border.

This map is designed to show where all the 'modern' day villages containing 'hurst' are located, the boundary of this implies the boundary of the ancient forest of Andredsweald(Saxon) or Anderida(Roman).

A plot of all the Domesday Records for the area shows a very sparsely populated area, which corresponds quite closely to the outline shown using 'hursts'.

However the term Hurst only seemed to come into major use after the Normans created the Domesday Book in 1086AD as this map of the Domesday villages containing hurst shows.

A significant proportion of the 'hursts' have churches from the late 1200's to the 1400's so showing that they were founded after 1066 and before 1300.

The only influence of Population migration between those dates was the Norman Invasion, as the next major influencer was the Black Death which didn't really appear till the mid 1300's.

This now begs the question, were the hursts founded by soldiers who hid in the forest or by the local fyrd bringing their families into the forest to escape persecution or possibly the Norman Soldiers settling on land not owned by their lords.

So lets look at the word 'hurst' this doesn't appear to be a real Saxon word, but is believed, me included that this meant 'a clearing in the forest', and as you can see from the green outline on the map it does seem to show the extent of the forest of Andredsweald.

OK so what saxon words could this be made up of? We have 'here' which means foreign army and 'stæþ' meaning a place(or stay), the þ is pronounced th as in the English word thick, so will sound a bit like 'herestayth' which could be simplified to herst/hurst. So we now have a name definition of hurst meaning 'army place' or 'army settlement'.

The Domesday villages that are named hurst are all near Hastings and its iron workings, and could be interpreted as the home of foreign mercenaries paid by the Haestingas to defend the valuable resources in the area.

I know you may not be convinced however following the logic re Saxon village names, this can be viewed as a logical explanation.


Total Locations shown on this map is 388

 
Locations Shown on map
Original Name Current Name
Farm/House
Adhurst St Mary Farm/House 
Farm/House
Agmerhurst Fm Farm/House 
Farm/House
Aldhurst Fm Farm/House 
Farm/House
Amhurst Hill Fm Farm/House 
Village
Ashurst Village 
Wood
Ashurst Wood 
Village
Ashurst Village 
Wood
Ashurst Wood 
Village
Ashurst Village 
Wood
Ashurst (New Forest) Station Wood 
Village
Ashurst Bridge Village 
Wood
Ashurst Court Wood 
Farm/House
Ashurst Lodge Farm/House 
Wood
Ashurst Place Wood 
Wood
Ashurst Rough Wood 
Wood
Ashurst Wood Wood 
Village
Ashurst Wood Village 
Farm/House
Aydehurst Fm Farm/House 
Farm/House
Barnhurst Fm Farm/House 
Hill
Bashurst Hill 
Farm/House
Bathurst Fm Farm/House 
Farm/House
Battenhurst Fm Farm/House 
Farm/House
Battlehurst Fm Farm/House 
Village
Baughurst Village 
Farm/House
Baughurst Ho Farm/House 
Hill
Bearehurst Hill 
Farm/House
Bearhurst Fm Farm/House 
Farm/House
Bellhurst Farm/House 
Farm/House
Bellhurst Fms Farm/House 
Town
Billingshurst Town 
Wood
Blackhurst Wood 
Farm/House
Blakehurst Farm/House 
Wood
Book Hurst Wood 
Farm/House
Boughurst Street Fm Farm/House 
Farm/House
Boulthurst Fm Farm/House 
Farm/House
Boxhurst Farm/House 
Hill
Boxhurst Hill 
Village
Bredhurst Village 
Wood
Bredhurst Hurst Wood 
Farm/House
Brewhurst Mill Farm/House 
Farm/House
Brickhurst Fm Farm/House 
Wood
Brickhurst Wood Wood 
Wood
Brickhurst Wood Wood 
Farm/House
Bricklehurst Manor Farm/House 
Lane/Road
Broadhurst Lane/Road 
Farm/House
Broadhurst Manor Road Farm/House 
Village
Brockenhurst Village 
Farm/House
Brockenhurst Park Farm/House 
Village
Brockhurst Village 
Lane/Road
Brockhurst Lane/Road 
Farm/House
Brookhurst Farm/House 
Farm/House
Brookhurst Fm Farm/House 
Farm/House
Broomhurst Fm Farm/House 
Farm/House
Broomhurst Fm Farm/House 
Farm/House
Bubhurst Farm/House 
Village
Buckhurst Village 
Farm/House
Buckhurst Fm Farm/House 
Farm/House
Buckhurst Fm Farm/House 
Farm/House
Buckhurst Park Farm/House 
Farm/House
Buckhurst Place Farm/House 
Farm/House
Bungehurst Fm Farm/House 
Farm/House
Chadhurst Fm Farm/House 
Village
Chainhurst Village 
Farm/House
Chaleshurst Farm/House 
Farm/House
Chalkhurst Farm/House 
Farm/House
Charleshurst Fm Farm/House 
Hill
Chinthurst Hill Hill 
Village
Chislehurst Village 
Wood
Chislehurst Common Wood 
Village
Chislehurst West Village 
Village
Chithurst Village 
Farm/House
Chithurst Fm Farm/House 
Farm/House
Chittinghurst Farm/House 
Farm/House
Coghurst Farm/House 
Farm/House
Coghurst Hall Farm/House 
Farm/House
Comphurst Farm/House 
Village
Coneyhurst Village 
Farm/House
Conghurst Fm Farm/House 
Wood
Coolhurst Wood Wood 
Farm/House
Coophurst Fm Farm/House 
Farm/House
Copperhurst Farm/House 
River/Lake
Covehurst Bay River/Lake 
Village
Cramhurst Village 
Village
Crockhurst Street Village 
Farm/House
Croham Hurst Farm/House 
Village
Crowhurst Village 
Village
Crowhurst Village 
Farm/House
Crowhurst Farm/House 
Farm/House
Crowhurst Bridge Fm Farm/House 
Farm/House
Crowhurst Fm Farm/House 
Farm/House
Crowhurst Fm Farm/House 
Farm/House
Crowhurst Fm Farm/House 
Farm/House
Crowhurst Ho Farm/House 
Village
Crowhurst Lane End Village 
Farm/House
Crowhurst Park Farm/House 
Lane/Road
Crowhurst Place Lane/Road 
Wood
Crowhurst Wood Wood 
Farm/House
Cullinghurst Fm Farm/House 
Farm/House
Danehurst Farm/House 
Farm/House
Dewhurst Lodge Farm/House 
Farm/House
Dickhurst Ho Farm/House 
Hill
Dodhurst Hill 
Farm/House
Dounhurst Fm Farm/House 
Farm/House
Duckhurst Fm Farm/House 
Farm/House
Dunhurst (Sch) Farm/House 
Farm/House
Duxhurst Farm/House 
Farm/House
Eaglehurst Farm/House 
Farm/House
Elmhurst Fm Farm/House 
Village
Ewhurst Village 
Village
Ewhurst Green Village 
Village
Ewhurst Green Village 
Farm/House
Ewhurst Ho Farm/House 
Farm/House
Ewhurst Manor Farm/House 
Farm/House
Ewhurst Park Farm/House 
Farm/House
Ewhurst Place Farm/House 
Farm/House
Exhurst Manor Farm/House 
Farm/House
Eyhurst Park Farm/House 
Farm/House
Falconhurst Farm/House 
Farm/House
Falconhurst Farm/House 
Village
Fernhurst Village 
Farm/House
Fewhurst Fm Farm/House 
Farm/House
Finchurst Fm Farm/House 
Village
Flathurst Village 
Village
Flishinghurst Village 
Wood
Fort Brockhurst Wood 
Wood
Frillinghurst Wood Wood 
Village
Goathurst Common Village 
Wood
Goldenhurst Wood 
Village
Goudhurst Village 
Farm/House
Great Broadhurst Fm Farm/House 
Wood
Great Brockhamhurst Wood 
Farm/House
Great Brockhurst Fm Farm/House 
Farm/House
Great Buckhurst Fm Farm/House 
Farm/House
Great Cockerhurst Farm/House 
Farm/House
Great Grovehurst Farm/House 
Wood
Great Hurst Wood Wood 
Wood
Great Sandhurst Wood Wood 
Farm/House
Greenhurst Farm/House 
Farm/House
Grenehurst Park Farm/House 
Farm/House
Grovehurst Farm/House 
Farm/House
Grovehurst Fm Farm/House 
Farm/House
Guildenhurst Manor Farm/House 
Hill
Hackhurst Downs Hill 
Farm/House
Hackhurst Fm Farm/House 
Hill
Hackhurst Stud Hill 
Wood
Hambledon Hurst Wood 
Farm/House
Hartshurst Fm Farm/House 
Village
Haughurst Hill Village 
Village
Hawkhurst Village 
Village
Hawkhurst Common Village 
Wood
Hawkhurst Common Wood Wood 
Farm/House
Hawkhurst Court Farm/House 
Wood
Hawkley Hurst Wood 
Farm/House
Hazelhurst Farm/House 
Farm/House
Hazelhurst Fm Farm/House 
Farm/House
Henhurst Farm/House 
Farm/House
Henhurst Fm Farm/House 
Farm/House
High Ashurst Farm/House 
Farm/House
High Billinghurst Fm Farm/House 
Village
High Hurstwood Village 
Wood
High Wykehurst Wood 
Farm/House
Holdhurst Fm Farm/House 
Hill
Holmhurst St Mary Hill 
Farm/House
Holmshurst Farm/House 
Farm/House
Hophurst Fm Farm/House 
Wood
Hornshurst Wood Wood 
Farm/House
Hurst Barns Farm/House 
Farm/House
Hurst Beach Farm/House 
Castle/Fort
Hurst Castle Castle/Fort 
Wood
Hurst Copse Wood 
Farm/House
Hurst Farm Ho Farm/House 
Farm/House
Hurst Fm Farm/House 
Farm/House
Hurst Fm Farm/House 
Farm/House
Hurst Fm Farm/House 
Farm/House
Hurst Fm Farm/House 
Farm/House
Hurst Fm Farm/House 
Farm/House
Hurst Fm Farm/House 
Farm/House
Hurst Fm Farm/House 
Farm/House
Hurst Fm Farm/House 
Farm/House
Hurst Fm Farm/House 
Farm/House
Hurst Fm Farm/House 
Farm/House
Hurst Fm Farm/House 
Village
Hurst Green Village 
Farm/House
Hurst Green Farm/House 
Village
Hurst Green Village 
River/Lake
Hurst Haven River/Lake 
Hill
Hurst Hill Hill 
Farm/House
Hurst Ho Farm/House 
Village
Hurst Park Village 
Village
Hurst Wickham Village 
Wood
Hurst Wood Wood 
Wood
Hurst Wood Wood 
Wood
Hurst Wood Wood 
Wood
Hurst Wood Wood 
Hill
Hurstbourne Hill Hill 
Hill
Hurstbourne Park Hill 
Village
Hurstbourne Priors Village 
Village
Hurstbourne Tarrant Village 
Farm/House
Hurstfold Fm Farm/House 
Wood
Hursthill Inclosure Wood 
Farm/House
Hurston Place Farm/House 
Farm/House
Hurston Warren Farm/House 
Village
Hurstpierpoint Village 
Farm/House
Hurstpierpoint College Farm/House 
Farm/House
Hurstwood Ho Farm/House 
Wood
Idehurst Copse Wood 
Farm/House
Idehurst Fm Farm/House 
Village
Inhurst Village 
Farm/House
Inhurst Fm Farm/House 
Farm/House
Inhurst Ho (Sch) Farm/House 
Bloomery 100AD
Iron-Working Crowhurst Park Bloomery 100AD 
Bloomery 200AD
Iron-Working Crowhurst Park Bloomery 200AD 
Unknown Bloomery
Iron-Working Hurst Wood Unknown Bloomery 
Bloomery 100AD
Iron-Working Lovehurst Bloomery 100AD 
Bloomery 200AD
Iron-Working Lovehurst Bloomery 200AD 
Bloomery 300AD
Iron-Working Lovehurst Bloomery 300AD 
River/Lake
Isenhurst River/Lake 
Hill
Killinghurst Hill 
Farm/House
Kithurst Fm Farm/House 
Hill
Kithurst Hill Hill 
Village
Lamberhurst Village 
Farm/House
Lamberhurst Fm Farm/House 
Village
Lamberhurst Quarter Village 
Lane/Road
Lanehurst Lane/Road 
Farm/House
Langhurst Farm/House 
Farm/House
Langhurst Farm/House 
Farm/House
Langhurst Farm/House 
Farm/House
Langhurst Fm Farm/House 
Farm/House
Langhurst Ho Farm/House 
Farm/House
Langhurst Manor Farm/House 
Farm/House
Lankhurst Fm Farm/House 
Farm/House
Lewhurst Fm Farm/House 
Farm/House
Leyhurst Fm Farm/House 
Farm/House
Little Conghurst Farm/House 
Village
Little Sandhurst Village 
Farm/House
Lockhurst Farm/House 
Hill
Longhurst Hill Hill 
Farm/House
Lovehurst Manor Farm/House 
Farm/House
Lower Barrihurst Fm Farm/House 
Farm/House
Lower Gentilshurst Fm Farm/House 
Places containing Stone
Lower Stanehurst Fm Places containing Stone 
Farm/House
Lower Stonehurst Fm Farm/House 
Farm/House
Luckhurst Farm/House 
Farm/House
Luckhurst Fm Farm/House 
Farm/House
Luckhurst Fm Farm/House 
Hill
Lydhurst Hill 
Village
Lyndhurst Village 
Hill
Lyndhurst Hill Hill 
Village
Madehurst Village 
Village
Maplehurst Village 
Farm/House
Maplehurst Farm/House 
Wood
Maplehurst Wood Wood 
Farm/House
Marchurst Farm/House 
Farm/House
Mathurst Fm Farm/House 
Farm/House
Meadhurst Fm Farm/House 
Village
Medhurst Row Village 
Town
Midhurst Town 
Hill
Midhurst & Harting Cycle Route Hill 
Hill
Midhurst Common Hill 
Village
Mowshurst Village 
Hill
Mynthurst Hill 
Wood
Nanhurst Wood 
Farm/House
Newhurst Fm Farm/House 
Farm/House
Nowhurst Fm Farm/House 
Village
Nuthurst Village 
Village
Oakhurst Village 
Farm/House
Oakhurst Farm/House 
Farm/House
Oakhurst Fm Farm/House 
Farm/House
Oakhurst Fm Farm/House 
Farm/House
Okehurst Farm/House 
Farm/House
Old Coghurst Fm Farm/House 
Farm/House
Old Songhurst Fm Farm/House 
Wood
Paddockhurst Park Wood 
Wood
Pagehurst Wood 
Farm/House
Pallinghurst Fm Farm/House 
Farm/House
Panthurst Fm Farm/House 
Village
Parkhurst Village 
Farm/House
Parkhurst Farm/House 
Farm/House
Parkhurst Farm/House 
Farm/House
Parkhurst Fm Farm/House 
Wood
Parkhurst Forest Wood 
Hill
Parkhurst Hill Hill 
Wood
Parkhurst Prison Wood 
Village
Penhurst Village 
Village
Penshurst Village 
Farm/House
Penshurst Park Farm/House 
Farm/House
Penshurst Place Farm/House 
Farm/House
Penshurst Sta Farm/House 
Farm/House
Pickhurst Farm/House 
Farm/House
Pickhurst Farm/House 
Farm/House
Pimphurst Farm/House 
Farm/House
Pinehurst Fm Farm/House 
Farm/House
Pinkhurst Farm/House 
Farm/House
Pinkhurst Fm Farm/House 
Farm/House
Poldhurst Fm Farm/House 
Farm/House
Poulhurst Fm Farm/House 
Farm/House
Ramhurst Manor Farm/House 
Farm/House
Renhurst Fm Farm/House 
Village
Robhurst Village 
Wood
Roffey Hurst Wood 
Roman Bloomery
Roman Bloomery Crowhurst Park Roman Bloomery 
Roman Bloomery
Roman Bloomery Lovehurst Roman Bloomery 
Farm/House
Rotherhurst Farm/House 
Hill
Roundhurst Common Hill 
Farm/House
Roundhurst Fms Farm/House 
Farm/House
Rydinghurst Farm/House 
Village
Salehurst Village 
Farm/House
Salehurst Farm/House 
Village
Sandhurst Village 
Village
Sandhurst Village 
Village
Sandhurst Cross Village 
Farm/House
Sandhurst Fm Farm/House 
Farm/House
Sandhurst Lodge Farm/House 
Farm/House
Selehurst Farm/House 
Village
Selhurst Village 
Hill
Selhurst Common Hill 
Farm/House
Selhurst Park Farm/House 
Farm/House
Selhurst Park Fm Farm/House 
Farm/House
Sendhurst Grange Farm/House 
Village
Shadoxhurst Village 
Farm/House
Sharpenhurst Fm Farm/House 
Farm/House
Shepheard's Hurst Farm/House 
Village
Sinkhurst Green Village 
Village
Sissinghurst Village 
Castle/Fort
Sissinghurst Castle Castle/Fort 
Farm/House
Slifehurst Farm/House 
Farm/House
Slythehurst Farm/House 
Wood
Snarkhurst Wood Wood 
Village
Speldhurst Village 
Village
Spithurst Village 
Wood
Staffhurst Wood Wood 
Places containing Stone
Stanehurst Places containing Stone 
Places containing Stone
Stanehurst Places containing Stone 
Village
Staplehurst Village 
Farm/House
Staplehurst Grange Farm/House 
Farm/House
Staplehurst Manor Farm/House 
Farm/House
Stockhurst Fm Farm/House 
Farm/House
Stonehurst Farm/House 
Farm/House
Stonehurst Farm/House 
Wood
Stonehurst Wood 
Farm/House
Sydenhurst Farm/House 
Farm/House
Tablehurst Fm Farm/House 
Hill
Tanhurst Hill 
Village
Ticehurst Village 
Farm/House
Ticehurst Ho Farm/House 
Farm/House
Tickenhurst Farm/House 
Farm/House
Tile Hurst Farm/House 
Farm/House
Tilehurst Fm Farm/House 
Farm/House
Tilkhurst Fm Farm/House 
Farm/House
Tillinghurst Fm Farm/House 
Village
Tittenhurst Village 
Farm/House
Todhurst Fm Farm/House 
Farm/House
Tolehurst Fm Farm/House 
Village
Tolhurst Village 
Farm/House
Tollhurst Fm Farm/House 
Farm/House
Trillinghurst Farmhouse Farm/House 
Farm/House
Upper Adhurst Fm Farm/House 
Farm/House
Upper Stonehurst Fm Farm/House 
Village
Wadhurst Village 
Castle/Fort
Wadhurst Castle Castle/Fort 
Roman City
Wadhurst Park Roman City 
Roman City
Wadhurst Sta Roman City 
Farm/House
Wakehurst Place Farm/House 
Farm/House
Walkhurst Fm Farm/House 
Farm/House
Wallhurst Manor Farm/House 
Village
Wanshurst Green Village 
Village
Warminghurst Village 
Farm/House
Wattlehurst Fm Farm/House 
Farm/House
Wellshurst Farm/House 
Wood
Wephurst Park Wood 
Wood
Wephurst Wood Wood 
Village
Wickhurst Village 
Farm/House
Wickhurst Barns Farm/House 
Farm/House
Wickhurst Fm Farm/House 
Farm/House
Wickhurst Manor Farm/House 
Farm/House
Widehurst Farm/House 
Farm/House
Willinghurst Ho Farm/House 
Wood
Wilmshurst Wood 
Village
Winchfield Hurst Village 
Hill
Winkenhurst Hill 
Village
Winkhurst Green Village 
Hill
Witherhurst Hill 
Village
Woldhurst Village 
Wood
Woodhurst Wood 
Wood
Wykehurst Park Wood 
Farm/House
Yaldhurst Farm/House 
Village
Yardhurst Village 
Farm/House
Yokehurst Farm/House 


External References in no particular order :-
Original Manuscripts of the Anglo Saxon Chronicles
Online Anglo Saxon dictionary
Online Etymology dictionary
Open Domesday Book - The first free online copy of the Domesday Book
The Ermine Street Guard Roman re-enactment and research Society
The "Kent A" cadastre - page 5 - Peterson 2002
Archaeologia Cantiana Online
Romney Marsh Research Trust
Romney Marsh the Fifth Continent
VillageNet the reference guide to villages in Kent & Sussex
Global warming Flood Maps
The Anglo Saxon Chronicles
Google Maps - the core of the system
GeoPlaner - Useful site for plotting map data
Julius Caesar's Gallic Wars 55BC(Books 4 & 5)
Wikipedia - Caesar's invasions of Britain
Wikipedia - Portus Istus
The Geography of Claudius Ptolemy (Bill Thayers)
Roman Britain.org
Runetree Beowulf
Bayeux Tapestry Online
The Secrets of the Norman Invasion
Chronicles of John of Worcester
Battle Historic Society
Binsted village website(Mearcredesburnan Steðe)
The Spears of Andred
Find British Archaelogical Sites
Wealden Iron Research Group

 

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Author: Simon M - Last Updated: 08/04/2019 14:01
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