Anglo Saxon History

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Map Position

This map shows the position of locations containing 'castle, anderida' centered on Goudhurst in Kent.

Map Logic

This map shows the occurrance of villages containing 'castle', the Romney Marsh is shown as at Roman times


 
Icon Key:
Village
Farm/House
Wood
Roman City
Roman Major Fort
Roman Station
Castle/Fort
Places containing Stone

Locations in the South East containing the word Castle

 

Our interpretation of the term 'castle' found in location names in the UK is most likely derived from the latin castellum a Roman term meaning a Fortlet or watch tower. Many places ending in castle are actually descriptive of later Norman Castles in a location, but these may have been originally in areas where the early Roman fortlets were found.

As you can see, in Southern England the majority of these locations lie on known Roman roads or ridgeways, and are associated with earthworks. This implies that they were Roman fortlets that protect main routes. There are a number of these locations, especially those along the north of the high weald ridge that are not on a known road but appear as a straight line implying a road on this ridge.

Castellum were Roman military watch towers built of wood or stone and were built on major routes or borders to protect and provide warning of invaders. In the South of England, the majority would have been wooden as the forest of Silva Anderida would have provided raw materials. These map locations are usually associated with nearby earthworks in the South of England, good examples of this are Castle Farm at Mountfield with its nearby associated earthworks, this association is also found at Castle field at Winchelsea, Castle Toll at Newenden in Kent and Castle hill Brenchley among others.

Photos of reconstructed Roman Fortlet can be seen below, click the photo below to go to their page on the subject.


An artists impression of the Castellum at Hoge Woerd - Holland



The reconstructed Castellum at Hoge Woerd - Holland



Reconstructed watchtower, between Bad Nauheim and Pfaffenwiesbach, Germany.


Total Locations shown on this map is 79

 
Locations Shown on map
Original Name Current Name
Castle/Fort
Allington Castle Castle/Fort 
Roman Major Fort
Anderida Roman Major Fort Modern name is Pevensey
Castle/Fort
Betchworth Castle Castle/Fort 
Castle/Fort
Bolebroke Castle Castle/Fort 
Castle/Fort
Camber Castle Castle/Fort 
Roman Station
Castle Roman Station 
Roman Station
Castle Bank Roman Station 
Roman Station
Castle Bank (Earthworks) Roman Station 
Roman Station
Castle Bottom National Nature Reserve Roman Station 
Farm/House
Castle End Fm Farm/House 
Farm/House
Castle Fm Farm/House 
Farm/House
Castle Fm Farm/House 
Farm/House
Castle Fm Farm/House 
Farm/House
Castle Fm Farm/House 
Roman Station
Castle Goring Roman Station 
Roman Station
Castle Green Roman Station 
Roman Station
Castle Hill Roman Station 
Roman Station
Castle Hill Roman Station 
Roman Station
Castle Hill Roman Station 
Roman Station
Castle Hill Roman Station 
Roman Station
Castle Hill Roman Station 
Roman Station
Castle Hill Roman Station 
Roman Station
Castle Hill Roman Station 
Farm/House
Castle Hill Fm Farm/House 
Farm/House
Castle Hill Fm Farm/House 
Roman Station
Castle Ho Roman Station 
Roman Station
Castle Hotel Roman Station 
Roman Station
Castle Rough Roman Station 
Roman Station
Castle Town Roman Station 
Roman Station
Castle Bank Roman Station 
Roman Station
Castle Field Roman Station 
Roman Station
Castle Hill Roman Station 
Roman Station
Castle Hill Roman Station 
Roman Station
Castle Mound Roman Station 
Roman Station
Castle Shaw Roman Station 
Roman Station
Castle Toll Roman Station 
Roman Station
Castle, The Roman Station 
Farm/House
Castlegate Fm Farm/House 
Castle/Fort
Coates Castle Castle/Fort 
Roman City
Elephant and Castle Sta Roman City 
Castle/Fort
Eynesford Castle Castle/Fort 
Village
Gravel Castle Village 
Castle/Fort
Herstmonceux Castle Castle/Fort 
Farm/House
Hever Castle Fm Farm/House 
Wood
High Castle Wood Wood 
Castle/Fort
Hollingbury Castle Castle/Fort 
Village
Horncastle Village 
Wood
Horncastle Wood Wood 
Castle/Fort
Knepp Castle Castle/Fort 
Castle/Fort
Knepp Castle Castle/Fort 
Roman City
Lemanis (Stutfall Castle) (Roman Fort) Roman City 
Places containing Stone
Lullingstane Castle Places containing Stone 
Castle/Fort
Lullingstone Castle Castle/Fort 
Castle/Fort
Lympne Castle Castle/Fort 
Castle/Fort
Mereworth Castle Castle/Fort 
Farm/House
New Castle Fm Farm/House 
Farm/House
Newcastle Fm Farm/House 
Castle/Fort
Odiham Castle Castle/Fort 
Roman Station
Old Castle Roman Station 
Farm/House
Owls Castle Fm Farm/House 
Roman Station
Owls Castle Roman Station 
Farm/House
Owlscastle Fm Farm/House 
Castle/Fort
Powderham Castle Castle/Fort 
Castle/Fort
Rats Castle Castle/Fort 
Castle/Fort
Romden Castle Castle/Fort 
Village
Rowlands Castle Village 
Castle/Fort
Sandown Castle Castle/Fort 
Castle/Fort
Scotney Castle Castle/Fort 
Castle/Fort
Sedgwick Castle Castle/Fort 
Castle/Fort
Sissinghurst Castle Castle/Fort 
Places containing Stone
Stane Castle Places containing Stone 
Castle/Fort
Starborough Castle Castle/Fort 
Castle/Fort
Stone Castle Castle/Fort 
Farm/House
Stone Castle Fm Farm/House 
Castle/Fort
Stutfall Castle Castle/Fort 
Roman City
Stutfall Castle (Roman Fort) Roman City 
Castle/Fort
Wadhurst Castle Castle/Fort 
Castle/Fort
Westenhanger Castle Castle/Fort 
Castle/Fort
Windsor Castle Castle/Fort 


External References in no particular order :-
Original Manuscripts of the Anglo Saxon Chronicles
Online Anglo Saxon dictionary
Online Etymology dictionary
Open Domesday Book - The first free online copy of the Domesday Book
The Ermine Street Guard Roman re-enactment and research Society
The "Kent A" cadastre - page 5 - Peterson 2002
Archaeologia Cantiana Online
Romney Marsh Research Trust
Romney Marsh the Fifth Continent
VillageNet the reference guide to villages in Kent & Sussex
Global warming Flood Maps
The Anglo Saxon Chronicles
Google Maps - the core of the system
GeoPlaner - Useful site for plotting map data
Julius Caesar's Gallic Wars 55BC(Books 4 & 5)
Wikipedia - Caesar's invasions of Britain
Wikipedia - Portus Istus
The Geography of Claudius Ptolemy (Bill Thayers)
Roman Britain.org
Runetree Beowulf
Bayeux Tapestry Online
The Secrets of the Norman Invasion
Chronicles of John of Worcester
Battle Historic Society
Binsted village website(Mearcredesburnan Steðe)
The Spears of Andred
Find British Archaelogical Sites
Wealden Iron Research Group

 

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Author: Simon M - Last Updated: 08/04/2019 14:01
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Data is derived from a number or sources including the Ordnance Survey Gazetter data overlayed onto Google Maps