Saxon Seaxe Anglo Saxon History
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Map Position
This map shows the position of locations containing 'cad, cald, castle, cold, anderida' centered on Northiam in Sussex.
Map Logic
This map shows the occurrance of villages containing 'castle', the Romney Marsh is shown as at Roman times
 
Icon Key:
Village
Farm/House
Wood
Roman City
Roman Major Fort
Roman Watch Tower
Castle/Fort
Roman Bloomery
Places containing Stone

Locations in the South East containing the word Castle

 

Our interpretation of the term 'castle' found in location names in the UK is most likely derived from the latin castellum a Roman term meaning a Fortlet or watch tower. Many places ending in castle are actually descriptive of later Norman Castles in a location, but these may have been originally in areas where the early Roman fortlets were found.

As you can see, in Southern England the majority of these locations lie on known Roman roads or ridgeways, and are associated with earthworks. This implies that they were Roman fortlets that protect main routes. There are a number of these locations, especially those along the north of the high weald ridge that are not on a known road but appear as a straight line implying a road on this ridge.

Castellum were Roman military watch towers built of wood or stone and were built on major routes or borders to protect and provide warning of invaders. In the South of England, the majority would have been wooden as the forest of Silva Anderida would have provided raw materials. These map locations are usually associated with nearby earthworks in the South of England, good examples of this are Castle Farm at Mountfield with its nearby associated earthworks, this association is also found at Castle field at Winchelsea, Castle Toll at Newenden in Kent and Castle hill Brenchley among others.

Photos of reconstructed Roman Fortlet can be seen below, click the photo below to go to their page on the subject.


An artists impression of the Castellum at Hoge Woerd - Holland



The reconstructed Castellum at Hoge Woerd - Holland



Reconstructed watchtower, between Bad Nauheim and Pfaffenwiesbach, Germany.


Total Locations shown on this map is 123

 
Locations Shown on map
Original Name Type CountyCurrent Name
Castle/Fort
Allington Castle Castle/Fort Kent 
Roman Major Fort
Anderida Roman Major Fort Sussex Modern name is Pevensey
Castle/Fort
Betchworth Castle Castle/Fort Surrey 
Castle/Fort
Bolebroke Castle Castle/Fort Sussex 
Roman Signalling Station
Cadborough Roman Signalling Station Sussex 
Roman Signalling Station
Cadborough Fm Roman Signalling Station Sussex 
Village
Cade Street Village Sussex 
Farm/House
Cadlington Ho Farm/House Hampshire 
Farm/House
Cadman's Fm Farm/House Kent 
Wood
Cadman's Wood Wood Kent 
Farm/House
Caldecott Fm Farm/House Kent 
Castle/Fort
Camber Castle Castle/Fort Sussex 
Roman Watch Tower
Castle Roman Watch Tower Sussex 
Roman Watch Tower
Castle Bank Roman Watch Tower Kent 
Roman Watch Tower
Castle Bank Roman Watch Tower Kent 
Roman Watch Tower
Castle Bank (Earthworks) Roman Watch Tower Kent 
Roman Watch Tower
Castle Bottom National Nature Reserve Roman Watch Tower Hampshire 
Roman Watch Tower
Castle Field Roman Watch Tower Sussex 
Farm/House
Castle Fm Farm/House Sussex 
Farm/House
Castle Fm Farm/House Sussex 
Farm/House
Castle Fm Farm/House Kent 
Farm/House
Castle Fm Farm/House Kent 
Roman Watch Tower
Castle Goring Roman Watch Tower Sussex 
Roman Watch Tower
Castle Green Roman Watch Tower Surrey 
Roman Watch Tower
Castle Hill Roman Watch Tower Sussex 
Roman Watch Tower
Castle Hill Roman Watch Tower Sussex 
Roman Watch Tower
Castle Hill Roman Watch Tower Kent 
Roman Watch Tower
Castle Hill Roman Watch Tower Kent 
Roman Watch Tower
Castle Hill Roman Watch Tower Kent 
Roman Watch Tower
Castle Hill Roman Watch Tower Kent 
Roman Watch Tower
Castle Hill Roman Watch Tower Kent 
Roman Watch Tower
Castle Hill Roman Watch Tower Surrey 
Roman Watch Tower
Castle Hill Roman Watch Tower Surrey 
Farm/House
Castle Hill Fm Farm/House Sussex 
Farm/House
Castle Hill Fm Farm/House Kent 
Roman Watch Tower
Castle Ho Roman Watch Tower Surrey 
Roman Watch Tower
Castle Hotel Roman Watch Tower Kent 
Roman Watch Tower
Castle Mound Roman Watch Tower Sussex 
Roman Watch Tower
Castle Rough Roman Watch Tower Kent 
Roman Watch Tower
Castle Shaw Roman Watch Tower Sussex 
Roman Watch Tower
Castle Toll Roman Watch Tower Kent 
Roman Watch Tower
Castle Town Roman Watch Tower Sussex 
Roman Watch Tower
Castle, The Roman Watch Tower Sussex 
Farm/House
Castlegate Fm Farm/House Kent 
Roman Watch Tower
Castleham Roman Watch Tower Sussex 
Castle/Fort
Coates Castle Castle/Fort Sussex 
Village
Cold Ash Hill Village Hampshire 
Farm/House
Cold Blow Farm/House Kent 
Farm/House
Cold Harbour Farm/House Kent 
Farm/House
Cold Harbour Farm/House Kent 
Village
Cold Harbour Village Kent 
Farm/House
Cold Harbour Fm Farm/House Kent 
Farm/House
Cold Norton Fm Farm/House Surrey 
Farm/House
Coldblow Farm/House Kent 
Farm/House
Coldblow Farm/House Kent 
Farm/House
Coldblow Fm Farm/House Kent 
Farm/House
Coldbridge Fm Farm/House Kent 
Wood
Coldbridge Wood Wood Kent 
Village
Coldean Village City of Brighton and Hove 
Farm/House
Coldharbour Farm/House Sussex 
Wood
Coldharbour Wood Kent 
Wood
Coldharbour Wood Kent 
Village
Coldharbour Village Surrey 
Wood
Coldharbour Wood Kent 
Village
Coldharbour Village Kent 
Wood
Coldharbour Wood Kent 
Farm/House
Coldharbour Common Farm/House Surrey 
Farm/House
Coldharbour Fm Farm/House Sussex 
Farm/House
Coldharbour Fm Farm/House Sussex 
Farm/House
Coldharbour Fm Farm/House Kent 
Farm/House
Coldharbour Fm Farm/House Sussex 
Farm/House
Coldharbour Fm Farm/House Sussex 
Farm/House
Coldharbour Fm Farm/House Kent 
Farm/House
Coldharbour Fm Farm/House Kent 
Farm/House
Coldharbour Fm Farm/House Surrey 
Farm/House
Coldharbour Manor Farm/House Sussex 
Farm/House
Coldharbour Marshes Farm/House Kent 
Farm/House
Coldhayes Farm/House Hampshire 
Farm/House
Coldicott Fm Farm/House Kent 
Village
Coldred Village Kent 
Farm/House
Coldred Court Fm Farm/House Kent 
Farm/House
Coldrey Farm/House Hampshire 
Farm/House
Coldswood Fm Farm/House Kent 
Village
Coldwaltham Village Sussex 
Farm/House
Coldwaltham Fm Farm/House Sussex 
Castle/Fort
Eynesford Castle Castle/Fort Kent 
Village
Gravel Castle Village Kent 
Castle/Fort
Herstmonceux Castle Castle/Fort Sussex 
Farm/House
Hever Castle Fm Farm/House Kent 
Wood
High Castle Wood Wood Kent 
Castle/Fort
Hollingbury Castle Castle/Fort City of Brighton and Hove 
Wood
Horncastle Wood Wood Sussex 
Bloomery 200AD
Iron-Working Coldharbour Farm Bloomery 200AD Sussex 
Castle/Fort
Knepp Castle Castle/Fort Sussex 
Castle/Fort
Knepp Castle Castle/Fort Sussex 
Roman City
Lemanis (Stutfall Castle) (Roman Fort) Roman City Kent 
Places containing Stone
Lullingstane Castle Places containing Stone Kent 
Castle/Fort
Lullingstone Castle Castle/Fort Kent 
Castle/Fort
Lympne Castle Castle/Fort Kent 
Castle/Fort
Mereworth Castle Castle/Fort Kent 
Farm/House
New Castle Fm Farm/House Sussex 
Farm/House
Newcastle Fm Farm/House Kent 
Castle/Fort
Odiham Castle Castle/Fort Hampshire 
Roman Watch Tower
Old Castle Roman Watch Tower Sussex 
Roman Watch Tower
Owls Castle Roman Watch Tower Kent 
Farm/House
Owls Castle Fm Farm/House Kent 
Farm/House
Owlscastle Fm Farm/House Sussex 
Castle/Fort
Powderham Castle Castle/Fort Hampshire 
Castle/Fort
Rats Castle Castle/Fort Kent 
Roman Bloomery
Roman Bloomery Coldharbour Farm Roman Bloomery  
Castle/Fort
Romden Castle Castle/Fort Kent 
Village
Rowlands Castle Village Hampshire 
Farm/House
Royal Military Academy Farm/House Bracknell Forest 
Castle/Fort
Sandown Castle Castle/Fort Kent 
Castle/Fort
Scotney Castle Castle/Fort Kent 
Castle/Fort
Sedgwick Castle Castle/Fort Sussex 
Castle/Fort
Sissinghurst Castle Castle/Fort Kent 
Roman Signalling Station
Starborough Castle Roman Signalling Station Surrey 
Farm/House
Stone Castle Fm Farm/House Kent 
Castle/Fort
Stutfall Castle Castle/Fort Kent 
Roman City
Stutfall Castle (Roman Fort) Roman City Kent 
Castle/Fort
Wadhurst Castle Castle/Fort Sussex 
Castle/Fort
Westenhanger Castle Castle/Fort Kent 


External References in no particular order :-
Anglo Saxon Chronicles
Online Anglo Saxon dictionary
Online Etymology dictionary
Open Domesday Book - The first free online copy of the Domesday Book
The Ermine Street Guard Roman re-enactment and research Society
The "Kent A" cadastre - page 5 - Peterson 2002
Archaeologia Cantiana Online
Romney Marsh Research Trust
Romney Marsh the Fifth Continent
VillageNet the reference guide to villages in Kent & Sussex
Global warming Flood Maps
The Anglo Saxon Chronicles
Google Maps - the core of the system
GeoPlaner - Useful site for plotting map data
Julius Caesar's Gallic Wars 55BC(Books 4 & 5)
Wikipedia - Caesar's invasions of Britain
Wikipedia - Portus Istus
The Geography of Claudius Ptolemy (Bill Thayers)
Roman Britain.org
Runetree Beowulf
Bayeux Tapestry Online
The Secrets of the Norman Invasion
Chronicles of John of Worcester
Battle Historic Society
Binsted village website(Mearcredesburnan Steðe)
The Spears of Andred
Find British Archaelogical Sites
Wealden Iron Research Group
Topographic Map of the UK

 

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Author: Simon M - Last Updated: 13/03/2024 13:12
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Data is derived from a number or sources including the Ordnance Survey Gazetter data overlayed onto Google Maps