Saxon Seaxe Anglo Saxon History
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Map Position
This map is showing 'Roman Implied, Roman Actual named locations ' of type 'Roman City, Roman Town, Roman Villa, Roman Major Fort, Roman Watch Tower, Roman Port, Roman Bloomery' centered on Tring in Hertfordshire.
Map Logic
This map shows Roman roads shown in black derived from Ivan D Margary 'Roman Roads in Britain' published in 1955. These maps are plotted as accurately as is possible from the books. There are problems with mapping 50 years later as there have been significant road and town changes which have hidden some of the original places mentioned in the texts.

The red roads are derived from Ivan D Margary 'Roman ways in the Weald' published in 1948.

Major Roman locations are shown as icons, please click the icon for the modern location and its Roman name.

This map shows the Roman Road course described by Ivan D Margary as 16a which goes from St Albans - Alchester(Akeman Street and Branches)commonly known as 'Akeman Street'.
Icon Key:
Roman City
Roman Town
Roman Villa

16a - St Albans to Alchester
(Akeman Street and Branches)
commonly known as 'Akeman Street'

Ivan D Margary Roman Road 16a starting near Bourne End in Hertfordshire ending near Bicester in Oxfordshire ....

This route passes through the following locations.
Bourne End  Hertfordshire
Berkhamsted  Hertfordshire
Tring  Hertfordshire
Aston Clinton  Buckinghamshire
Weston Turville  Buckinghamshire
Aylesbury  Buckinghamshire
Waddesdon  Buckinghamshire
Aylesbury  Buckinghamshire
Kingswood  Buckinghamshire
Aylesbury  Buckinghamshire
Bicester  Oxfordshire
Current translation for Bourne End
  bourne derived from burn - a brook or stream
  end derived from ende - end terminus
Place name translation provided by saxonhistory.co.uk
Current translation for Berkhamsted
  berk derived from berc - birch trees
  hams derived from hamm - Denotes a piece of land surrounded with paling, wicker-work, etc., and so defended against water, which would otherwise wash it away, so a valley settlement or settlement with a jetty.
  ted derived from stæde - a place or pasture
Found in Domesday 1086AD
Names found:Berchamstede(Hertfordshire)
Berchehamstede(Hertfordshire)
Place name translation provided by saxonhistory.co.uk
Current translation for Tring
  tring derived from þring - a crowd, crowded
Found in Domesday 1086AD
Names found:Tredunga(Hertfordshire)
Tredunge(Hertfordshire)
Treunge(Hertfordshire)
Place name translation provided by saxonhistory.co.uk
Current translation for Aston Clinton
  ast derived from est - east
  on derived from on - near
Cl we cannot translate at the moment
  in derived from en - the people of
  ending in ton derived from tun - a settlement on a hill
Found in Domesday 1086AD
Name found:Estone(Buckinghamshire)
Place name translation provided by saxonhistory.co.uk
Current translation for Weston Turville
  west derived from wæst - west
  on derived from on - near
Turv we cannot translate at the moment
  i derived from iw - yew
lle we cannot translate at the moment
Found in Domesday 1086AD
Name found:Westone(Buckinghamshire)
Place name translation provided by saxonhistory.co.uk
Current translation for Aylesbury
  ayles derived from æles - eels
  bury derived from burh/beorg/berie - fortified place, castle - usually associated with old Roman forts / can also be used to mean high place / berry
Found in Domesday 1086AD
Names found:Eilesberia(Buckinghamshire)
Elesberie(Buckinghamshire)
Place name translation provided by saxonhistory.co.uk
Current translation for Waddesdon
  wad derived from waad - woad - blue dye
  des derived from dærst - ferment
  ending in don derived from dun - a place near a steep hill/hillfort
Found in Domesday 1086AD
Name found:Votesdone(Buckinghamshire)
Place name translation provided by saxonhistory.co.uk
Current translation for Aylesbury
  ayles derived from æles - eels
  bury derived from burh/beorg/berie - fortified place, castle - usually associated with old Roman forts / can also be used to mean high place / berry
Found in Domesday 1086AD
Names found:Eilesberia(Buckinghamshire)
Elesberie(Buckinghamshire)
Place name translation provided by saxonhistory.co.uk
Current translation for Kingswood
  kings derived from cyng - the king's
  wood derived from wudu - wudu, earlier widu tree, trees collectively, forest, grove.
Place name translation provided by saxonhistory.co.uk
Current translation for Aylesbury
  ayles derived from æles - eels
  bury derived from burh/beorg/berie - fortified place, castle - usually associated with old Roman forts / can also be used to mean high place / berry
Found in Domesday 1086AD
Names found:Eilesberia(Buckinghamshire)
Elesberie(Buckinghamshire)
Place name translation provided by saxonhistory.co.uk
Current translation for Bicester
  bi derived from bærn - barn
  cester derived from cæster - roman fortified town
Found in Domesday 1086AD
Names found:Bernecestre(Oxfordshire)
Bispesdone(Oxfordshire)
Place name translation provided by saxonhistory.co.uk
 
Locations Shown on map
Original Name Type CountyCurrent Name
Roman Town
Alchester Roman Town Oxfordshire 
Roman Town
Dorchester on Thames Roman Town Oxfordshire 
Roman City
Ravensburgh Castle (Fort) Roman City Bedfordshire 
Roman Town
Verulamium Roman Town Oxfordshire Modern name is St Albans
Roman Villa
Villa Roman Villa Oxfordshire 


External References in no particular order :-
Anglo Saxon Chronicles
Online Anglo Saxon dictionary
Online Etymology dictionary
Open Domesday Book - The first free online copy of the Domesday Book
The Ermine Street Guard Roman re-enactment and research Society
The "Kent A" cadastre - page 5 - Peterson 2002
Archaeologia Cantiana Online
Romney Marsh Research Trust
Romney Marsh the Fifth Continent
VillageNet the reference guide to villages in Kent & Sussex
Global warming Flood Maps
The Anglo Saxon Chronicles
Google Maps - the core of the system
GeoPlaner - Useful site for plotting map data
Julius Caesar's Gallic Wars 55BC(Books 4 & 5)
Wikipedia - Caesar's invasions of Britain
Wikipedia - Portus Istus
The Geography of Claudius Ptolemy (Bill Thayers)
Roman Britain.org
Runetree Beowulf
Bayeux Tapestry Online
The Secrets of the Norman Invasion
Chronicles of John of Worcester
Battle Historic Society
Binsted village website(Mearcredesburnan Steðe)
The Spears of Andred
Find British Archaelogical Sites
Wealden Iron Research Group
Topographic Map of the UK

 

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Author: Simon M - Last Updated: 13/03/2024 13:12
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Data is derived from a number or sources including the Ordnance Survey Gazetter data overlayed onto Google Maps