Saxon Seaxe Anglo Saxon History
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Map Position
This map is showing 'Roman Implied, Roman Actual named locations ' of type 'Roman City, Roman Town, Roman Villa, Roman Major Fort, Roman Watch Tower, Roman Port, Roman Bloomery' centered on Burford in Oxfordshire.
Map Logic
This map shows Roman roads shown in black derived from Ivan D Margary 'Roman Roads in Britain' published in 1955. These maps are plotted as accurately as is possible from the books. There are problems with mapping 50 years later as there have been significant road and town changes which have hidden some of the original places mentioned in the texts.

The red roads are derived from Ivan D Margary 'Roman ways in the Weald' published in 1948.

Major Roman locations are shown as icons, please click the icon for the modern location and its Roman name.

This map shows the Roman Road course described by Ivan D Margary as 16b which goes from Alchester - Cirencester(Alchester to Cirencester)commonly known as 'Akeman Street'.
Icon Key:
Roman City
Roman Town
Roman Villa
Roman Watch Tower

16b - Alchester to Cirencester
(Alchester to Cirencester)
commonly known as 'Akeman Street'

Ivan D Margary Roman Road 16b starting near Bicester in Oxfordshire ending near Cirencester in Gloucestershire ....

This route passes through the following locations.
Bicester  Oxfordshire
Chesterton  Oxfordshire
Kidlington  Oxfordshire
Wootton  Oxfordshire
Woodstock  Oxfordshire
Stonesfield  Oxfordshire
North Leigh  Oxfordshire
Ramsden  Oxfordshire
Witney  Oxfordshire
Asthall Leigh  Oxfordshire
Burford  Oxfordshire
Shilton  Oxfordshire
Burford  Oxfordshire
Lechlade  Oxfordshire
Cirencester  Gloucestershire
Coln Saint Aldwyns  Gloucestershire
Cirencester  Gloucestershire
Current translation for Bicester
  bi derived from bærn - barn
  cester derived from cæster - roman fortified town
Found in Domesday 1086AD
Names found:Bernecestre(Oxfordshire)
Bispesdone(Oxfordshire)
Place name translation provided by saxonhistory.co.uk
Current translation for Chesterton
  chester derived from cæster - roman fortified town
  ton derived from tun - a settlement on a hill
Found in Domesday 1086AD
Names found:Cestretone(Cambridgeshire)
Cestretone(Oxfordshire)
Cestretone(Warwickshire)
Cestretune(Huntingdonshire)
Colne(Huntingdonshire)
Salford(Warwickshire)
Place name translation provided by saxonhistory.co.uk
Current translation for Kidlington
  kid derived from cæd - a boat
  ling derived from el ænge - people of a troubled village(appear to be fortlets or pallisaded villages)
  ton derived from tun - a settlement on a hill
Found in Domesday 1086AD
Name found:Chedelintone(Oxfordshire)
Place name translation provided by saxonhistory.co.uk
Current translation for Wootton
  woot derived from wæt - wet, damp, moist
  ton derived from tun - a settlement on a hill
Found in Domesday 1086AD
Names found:Odetone(Hampshire)
Odetone(Sussex)
Odetune(Hampshire)
Oitone(Northamptonshire)
Optone(Oxfordshire)
Otone(Bedfordshire)
Udetone(Lincolnshire)
Udetone(Shropshire)
Voltone(Lincolnshire)
Witone(Northamptonshire)
Place name translation provided by saxonhistory.co.uk
Current translation for Woodstock
  wood derived from wudu - wudu, earlier widu tree, trees collectively, forest, grove.
  stock derived from stoc - a place, probably a farm or stockade
Found in Domesday 1086AD
Name found:Wodestoch(Oxfordshire)
Place name translation provided by saxonhistory.co.uk
Current translation for Stonesfield
  stone derived from stan - stone - probably a roman road, milestone or builders stone
  s derived from s - of as in 's(belongs to) or multiple
  field derived from feld - a field however quite a number were derived from welle a well
Found in Domesday 1086AD
Name found:Stuntesfeld(Oxfordshire)
Place name translation provided by saxonhistory.co.uk
Current translation for North Leigh
  north derived from norþ - north
  leigh derived from leah - A lea, meadow, open space, untilled land
Found in Domesday 1086AD
Name found:Lege(Oxfordshire)
Place name translation provided by saxonhistory.co.uk
Current translation for Ramsden
  ram derived from rom - a ram - sheep
  s derived from s - of as in 's(belongs to) or multiple
  den derived from daen/den-bera - a valley / a forest swine pasture, most were settled after Domesday
Found in Domesday 1086AD
Name found:Ramesdana(Essex)
Place name translation provided by saxonhistory.co.uk
Current translation for Witney
  wit derived from wæt - wet, damp, moist
  ney derived from en æg - en - people of and æg - an island
Found in Domesday 1086AD
Name found:Witenie(Oxfordshire)
Place name translation provided by saxonhistory.co.uk
Current translation for Asthall Leigh
  ast derived from est - east
  hall derived from heall - hall
  leigh derived from leah - A lea, meadow, open space, untilled land
Place name translation provided by saxonhistory.co.uk
Current translation for Burford
  bur derived from beorg - a high place - a hill
  ford derived from forda - shallow place where a river can be crossed
Found in Domesday 1086AD
Names found:Bureford(Oxfordshire)
Bureford(Shropshire)
Burtone(Shropshire)
Place name translation provided by saxonhistory.co.uk
Current translation for Shilton
  s derived from s - of as in 's(belongs to) or multiple
  hil derived from hyll - a hill
  ton derived from tun - a settlement on a hill
Found in Domesday 1086AD
Name found:Scelftone(Warwickshire)
Place name translation provided by saxonhistory.co.uk
Current translation for Burford
  bur derived from beorg - a high place - a hill
  ford derived from forda - shallow place where a river can be crossed
Found in Domesday 1086AD
Names found:Bureford(Oxfordshire)
Bureford(Shropshire)
Burtone(Shropshire)
Place name translation provided by saxonhistory.co.uk
Current translation for Lechlade
  lech derived from leac - a leek
  lade derived from lædan - to make, produce
Found in Domesday 1086AD
Name found:Lecelade(Gloucestershire)
Place name translation provided by saxonhistory.co.uk
Current translation for Cirencester
  ciren derived from cicen - chicken
  cester derived from cæster - roman fortified town
Found in Domesday 1086AD
Name found:Cirecestre(Gloucestershire)
Place name translation provided by saxonhistory.co.uk
Current translation for Coln Saint Aldwyns
  coln derived from coln - a pebble or stone
  saint derived from sanctus - saint
  ald derived from eald - old or ancient or fire
  wyn derived from win - wine
  s derived from s - of as in 's(belongs to) or multiple
Place name translation provided by saxonhistory.co.uk
Current translation for Cirencester
  ciren derived from cicen - chicken
  cester derived from cæster - roman fortified town
Found in Domesday 1086AD
Name found:Cirecestre(Gloucestershire)
Place name translation provided by saxonhistory.co.uk
 
Locations Shown on map
Original Name Type CountyCurrent Name
Roman Town
Alchester Roman Town Oxfordshire 
Roman Town
Aquae Sulis Roman Town Somerset Modern name is Bath
Roman Watch Tower
Ariconium Roman Watch Tower Herefordshire 
Roman Town
Calleva Atrebatum Roman Town  Modern name is Silchester
Roman Town
Corinium Dobunnorum Roman Town Gloucestershire Modern name is Cirencester
Roman Town
Cunetio Roman Town Suffolk Modern name is Mildenhall
Roman Town
Dorchester on Thames Roman Town Oxfordshire 
Roman Town
Durocornovium Roman Town Wiltshire Modern name is Wanborough
Roman Town
Lactodurum Roman Town Northamptonshire Modern name is Towcester
Roman City
Londinium Roman City  Modern name is London
Roman City
Ravensburgh Castle (Fort) Roman City Bedfordshire 
Roman Watch Tower
Spinae Roman Watch Tower  Modern name is Speen
Roman Town
Verlucio Roman Town Wiltshire Modern name is Sandy Lane
Roman Town
Verulamium Roman Town Oxfordshire Modern name is St Albans
Roman Villa
Villa Roman Villa Oxfordshire 


External References in no particular order :-
Anglo Saxon Chronicles
Online Anglo Saxon dictionary
Online Etymology dictionary
Open Domesday Book - The first free online copy of the Domesday Book
The Ermine Street Guard Roman re-enactment and research Society
The "Kent A" cadastre - page 5 - Peterson 2002
Archaeologia Cantiana Online
Romney Marsh Research Trust
Romney Marsh the Fifth Continent
VillageNet the reference guide to villages in Kent & Sussex
Global warming Flood Maps
The Anglo Saxon Chronicles
Google Maps - the core of the system
GeoPlaner - Useful site for plotting map data
Julius Caesar's Gallic Wars 55BC(Books 4 & 5)
Wikipedia - Caesar's invasions of Britain
Wikipedia - Portus Istus
The Geography of Claudius Ptolemy (Bill Thayers)
Roman Britain.org
Runetree Beowulf
Bayeux Tapestry Online
The Secrets of the Norman Invasion
Chronicles of John of Worcester
Battle Historic Society
Binsted village website(Mearcredesburnan Steðe)
The Spears of Andred
Find British Archaelogical Sites
Wealden Iron Research Group
Topographic Map of the UK

 

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Author: Simon M - Last Updated: 13/03/2024 13:12
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Data is derived from a number or sources including the Ordnance Survey Gazetter data overlayed onto Google Maps