Anglo Saxon History

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Map Position

This map is showing 'Roman Implied, Roman Actual named locations ' of type 'Roman City, Roman Town, Roman Villa, Roman Major Fort, Roman Station, Roman Port, Roman Bloomery' centered on Brook in Hampshire.

Map Logic

This map shows Roman roads shown in black derived from Ivan D Margary 'Roman Roads in Britain' published in 1955. These maps are plotted as accurately as is possible from the books. There are problems with mapping 50 years later as there have been significant road and town changes which have hidden some of the original places mentioned in the texts.

The red roads are derived from Ivan D Margary 'Roman ways in the Weald' published in 1948.

Major Roman locations are shown as icons, please click the icon for the modern location and its Roman name.

This map shows the Roman Road course described by Ivan D Margary as 422 which goes from Otterbourne - New Forest(Otterbourne - New Forest).

Icon Key:
Roman City
Roman Town
Roman Major Fort
Roman Station

422 - Otterbourne to New Forest
(Otterbourne to New Forest)

Ivan D Margary Roman Road 422 starting near Otterbourne in Hampshire ending near West Moors in Dorset ....

This route passes through the following locations.
Otterbourne  Hampshire
Eastleigh  Hampshire
Chandler's Ford  Hampshire
Chilworth  Hampshire
Southampton  Hampshire
Nursling  Hampshire
Totton  Hampshire
Southampton  Hampshire
Lyndhurst  Hampshire
Ringwood  Hampshire
West Moors  Dorset
Current translation for Otterbourne
  otter derived from otor - an otter
  bourne derived from burn - a brook or stream
Place name translation provided by saxonhistory.co.uk
Current translation for Eastleigh
  east derived from east - east
  leigh derived from leah - A lea, meadow, open space, untilled land
Place name translation provided by saxonhistory.co.uk
Current translation for Chandlers Ford
C we cannot translate at the moment
  hand derived from hand - hand
l we cannot translate at the moment
  er derived from ir - axe shaped ridge
  s derived from s - of as in 's or multiple
  ford derived from forda - shallow place where a river can be crossed
Place name translation provided by saxonhistory.co.uk
Current translation for Chilworth
  chil derived from cele/ceorl - cold / a freeman
  worth derived from weort/worð - wort, herb/land
Place name translation provided by saxonhistory.co.uk
Current translation for Southampton
  south derived from suth - south
  amp derived from þam - well watered or wet area
  ton derived from tƿrn - a high place. Usually a village or a location originally settled on hills.
Place name translation provided by saxonhistory.co.uk
Current translation for Nursling
Nur we cannot translate at the moment
  s derived from s - of as in 's or multiple
  ling derived from el ænge - people of a troubled or narrow(possibly fortified border/boundary villages)
Place name translation provided by saxonhistory.co.uk
Current translation for Totton
  tott derived from to - a projection - possibly like a hoo but inland
  on derived from on - near
Place name translation provided by saxonhistory.co.uk
Current translation for Southampton
  south derived from suth - south
  amp derived from þam - well watered or wet area
  ton derived from tƿrn - a high place. Usually a village or a location originally settled on hills.
Place name translation provided by saxonhistory.co.uk
Current translation for Lyndhurst
  lynd derived from glind/lynd - fence of boards or railing/grease
  hurst derived from here stæþ - here meaning army and stæþ meaning a place(or stay) pronounced herestath, most seem to be later than Domesday and are found in a forested area
Place name translation provided by saxonhistory.co.uk
Current translation for Ringwood
  ring derived from ænge - troubled or narrow(possibly fortified border/boundary villages)
  wood derived from wudu - wudu, earlier widu tree, trees collectively, forest, grove.
Place name translation provided by saxonhistory.co.uk
Current translation for West Moors
  west derived from wæst - west
  moor derived from mor - wet boggy land
  s derived from s - of as in 's or multiple
Place name translation provided by saxonhistory.co.uk
 
Locations Shown on map
Original Name Current Name
Roman City
Avon Heath Country Park Roman City 
Roman Town
Clausentum Roman Town Modern name is Bitterne
Roman Station
Iping Roman Station Roman Station Modern name is Iping
Roman Major Fort
Portus Adurni Roman Major Fort Modern name is Portchester
Roman Town
Sorviodunum Roman Town Modern name is Old Sarum
Roman Town
Venta Belgarum Roman Town Modern name is Winchester
Roman Town
Vindocladia Roman Town Modern name is Badbury Rings
Roman City
Yarnfield Gate Roman City 


External References in no particular order :-
Original Manuscripts of the Anglo Saxon Chronicles
Online Anglo Saxon dictionary
Online Etymology dictionary
Open Domesday Book - The first free online copy of the Domesday Book
The Ermine Street Guard Roman re-enactment and research Society
The "Kent A" cadastre - page 5 - Peterson 2002
Archaeologia Cantiana Online
Romney Marsh Research Trust
Romney Marsh the Fifth Continent
VillageNet the reference guide to villages in Kent & Sussex
Global warming Flood Maps
The Anglo Saxon Chronicles
Google Maps - the core of the system
GeoPlaner - Useful site for plotting map data
Julius Caesar's Gallic Wars 55BC(Books 4 & 5)
Wikipedia - Caesar's invasions of Britain
Wikipedia - Portus Istus
The Geography of Claudius Ptolemy (Bill Thayers)
Roman Britain.org
Runetree Beowulf
Bayeux Tapestry Online
The Secrets of the Norman Invasion
Chronicles of John of Worcester
Battle Historic Society
Binsted village website(Mearcredesburnan Steðe)
The Spears of Andred
Find British Archaelogical Sites
Wealden Iron Research Group

 

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Author: Simon M - Last Updated: 08/04/2019 14:01
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Data is derived from a number or sources including the Ordnance Survey Gazetter data overlayed onto Google Maps