Anglo Saxon History

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Map Position

This map is showing 'Roman Implied, Roman Actual named locations ' of type 'Roman City, Roman Town, Roman Villa, Roman Major Fort, Roman Station, Roman Port, Roman Bloomery' centered on 54.52015,-2.21858 in .

Map Logic

This map shows Roman roads shown in black derived from Ivan D Margary 'Roman Roads in Britain' published in 1955. These maps are plotted as accurately as is possible from the books. There are problems with mapping 50 years later as there have been significant road and town changes which have hidden some of the original places mentioned in the texts.

The red roads are derived from Ivan D Margary 'Roman ways in the Weald' published in 1948.

Major Roman locations are shown as icons, please click the icon for the modern location and its Roman name.

This map shows the Roman Road course described by Ivan D Margary as 82 which goes from Scotch Corner - Penrith(Scotch Corner - Penrith).

Icon Key:
Roman City
Roman Station

82 - Scotch Corner to Penrith
(Scotch Corner to Penrith)

Ivan D Margary Roman Road 82 starting near Richmond in North Yorkshire ending near Penrith in Cumbria ....

This route passes through the following locations.
Richmond  North Yorkshire
East Layton  North Yorkshire
Richmond  
Newsham  North Yorkshire
Barnard Castle  
Greta Bridge  County Durham
Barnard Castle  County Durham
The Square Greta Bridge  County Durham
Barnard Castle  County Durham
Kirkby Stephen  Cumbria
Appleby-in-Westmorland  Cumbria
Penrith  Cumbria
Temple Sowerby  Cumbria
Penrith  Cumbria
Current translation for Richmond
  rich derived from rice - powerful ruler
  mond derived from mund - a mound
Place name translation provided by saxonhistory.co.uk
Current translation for East Layton
  east derived from east - east
  lay derived from leah - A lea, meadow, open space, untilled land
  ton derived from tƿrn - a high place. Usually a village or a location originally settled on hills.
Place name translation provided by saxonhistory.co.uk
Current translation for Richmond
  rich derived from rice - powerful ruler
  mond derived from mund - a mound
Place name translation provided by saxonhistory.co.uk
Current translation for Newsham
  new derived from niew - new
  sham derived from hjem - home - A village or location originally found in valleys with sea access hence Home for the Saxons - in later years this derivation changed to mean near water.
Place name translation provided by saxonhistory.co.uk
Current translation for Barnard Castle
  barn derived from beorn - burn,fire or light
  ard derived from arad - to ride
  ending in castle derived from castle - later word for castle usually norman derived from Roman castrum
Place name translation provided by saxonhistory.co.uk
Current translation for Greta Bridge
  greta derived from grytta - coarse meal or grit
  bridge derived from bricge - a bridge
Place name translation provided by saxonhistory.co.uk
Current translation for Barnard Castle
  barn derived from beorn - burn,fire or light
  ard derived from arad - to ride
  ending in castle derived from castle - later word for castle usually norman derived from Roman castrum
Place name translation provided by saxonhistory.co.uk
Current translation for The Square Greta Bridge
  the derived from þæt - that
  square derived from esquire - square
  greta derived from grytta - coarse meal or grit
  bridge derived from bricge - a bridge
Place name translation provided by saxonhistory.co.uk
Current translation for Barnard Castle
  barn derived from beorn - burn,fire or light
  ard derived from arad - to ride
  ending in castle derived from castle - later word for castle usually norman derived from Roman castrum
Place name translation provided by saxonhistory.co.uk
Current translation for Kirkby Stephen
  kirk derived from kirkja - church
  ending in by|by derived from buð - shelter
  stephen derived from stephen - saint stephen
Place name translation provided by saxonhistory.co.uk
Current translation for Appleby In Westmorland
  apple derived from apuldre - apple tree
  ending in by|by derived from buð - shelter
  in derived from within - within
  west derived from wæst - west
  mor derived from mor - a moor, waste and damp land
  land derived from land - ground, earth or field
Place name translation provided by saxonhistory.co.uk
Current translation for Penrith
  pen derived from pen - head or end
  rith derived from rið - a small stream
Place name translation provided by saxonhistory.co.uk
Current translation for Temple Sowerby
  temple derived from tempel - a temple/church
  s derived from s - of as in 's or multiple
ow we cannot translate at the moment
  er derived from ir - axe shaped ridge
  ending in by|by derived from buð - shelter
Place name translation provided by saxonhistory.co.uk
Current translation for Penrith
  pen derived from pen - head or end
  rith derived from rið - a small stream
Place name translation provided by saxonhistory.co.uk
 
Locations Shown on map
Original Name Current Name
Roman Station
Cataractoni Roman Station Modern name is Catterick
Roman City
East Corn Park Roman City 
Roman City
Lowther Leisure Park Roman City 
Roman City
Lowther Park Roman City 
Roman City
Relandsgate Roman City 
Roman City
Roper Castle or Round Table (Roman Signal Station) Roman City 
Roman City
Round Table or Roper Castle (Roman Signal Station) Roman City 
Roman City
Scalegate Roman City 
Roman Station
Vinovia Roman Station Modern name is Binchester


External References in no particular order :-
Original Manuscripts of the Anglo Saxon Chronicles
Online Anglo Saxon dictionary
Online Etymology dictionary
Open Domesday Book - The first free online copy of the Domesday Book
The Ermine Street Guard Roman re-enactment and research Society
The "Kent A" cadastre - page 5 - Peterson 2002
Archaeologia Cantiana Online
Romney Marsh Research Trust
Romney Marsh the Fifth Continent
VillageNet the reference guide to villages in Kent & Sussex
Global warming Flood Maps
The Anglo Saxon Chronicles
Google Maps - the core of the system
GeoPlaner - Useful site for plotting map data
Julius Caesar's Gallic Wars 55BC(Books 4 & 5)
Wikipedia - Caesar's invasions of Britain
Wikipedia - Portus Istus
The Geography of Claudius Ptolemy (Bill Thayers)
Roman Britain.org
Runetree Beowulf
Bayeux Tapestry Online
The Secrets of the Norman Invasion
Chronicles of John of Worcester
Battle Historic Society
Binsted village website(Mearcredesburnan Steðe)
The Spears of Andred
Find British Archaelogical Sites
Wealden Iron Research Group

 

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Author: Simon M - Last Updated: 08/04/2019 14:01
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Data is derived from a number or sources including the Ordnance Survey Gazetter data overlayed onto Google Maps