Saxon Seaxe Anglo Saxon History
Map Position
This map shows the position of locations showing 'Roman Actual named locations ' containing 'anderida, bodiam, dubris, durobrivae, durovernum, portus lemanis, regulbium, romanbloomery' centered on Iden in Sussex.
Map Logic
This map shows the Romney Marsh Area during Roman and Early Saxon times.

The forest of Andredsweald is shown as shaded with a Green border, which was impassable except where Roman Roads or rivers cut through it.

Roman roads are shown in black plotted from Ivan D Margary 'Roman Roads in Britain' published in 1955.

The red roads are taken from Ivan D Margary 'Roman ways in the Weald' published in 1948.

The Blue shaded areas show the paths of the rivers emerging into the Romney Marsh Area.

Icon Key:
Roman Major Fort
Roman Bloomery

A representation of the Romney Marsh Area in Roman Times


This map shows the Romney Marsh area in Roman times, the high tide levels are shown 5 metres higher, and the river Rother(Limen) flowed across the north of the Marsh passing Portus Lemanis(Stutfall castle) finally emerging at the sea near modern day Hythe.

Behind Hythe there is an area currently just below sea level that appears to be a lagoon, it is recorded that the romans were extracting salt around the Dymchurch, Lydd and St Mary in the Marsh areas in the 2nd century, probably mostly from this tidal lagoon.

Portus Lemanis is most likely to have been located in the lagoon, that implies the Roman Navy Classis Britannica(CLBR) used the lagoon as a protected harbour for their fleet, with Stutfall Castle as its major defence. It also seems to imply that the Saxon Shore forts protected important harbours for the CLBR so Pevensey may have been a major port.

The Rother was tidal to at least Bodiam, and the effects probably reached further upstream past Etchingham to Tidebrook near Stonegate.

The shaded areas on the Marsh area are derived from research carried out at the University of East Anglia The "Kent A" cadastre - page 5 - Peterson 2002 the main data shows the differing soil types on the marsh - implying land at various points.

External References in no particular order :-
Original Manuscripts of the Anglo Saxon Chronicles
Online Anglo Saxon dictionary
Online Etymology dictionary
Open Domesday Book - The first free online copy of the Domesday Book
The Ermine Street Guard Roman re-enactment and research Society
The "Kent A" cadastre - page 5 - Peterson 2002
Archaeologia Cantiana Online
Romney Marsh Research Trust
Romney Marsh the Fifth Continent
VillageNet the reference guide to villages in Kent & Sussex
Global warming Flood Maps
The Anglo Saxon Chronicles
Google Maps - the core of the system
GeoPlaner - Useful site for plotting map data
Julius Caesar's Gallic Wars 55BC(Books 4 & 5)
Wikipedia - Caesar's invasions of Britain
Wikipedia - Portus Istus
The Geography of Claudius Ptolemy (Bill Thayers)
Runetree Beowulf
Bayeux Tapestry Online
The Secrets of the Norman Invasion
Chronicles of John of Worcester
Battle Historic Society
Binsted village website(Mearcredesburnan Steðe)
The Spears of Andred
Find British Archaelogical Sites
Wealden Iron Research Group
Topographic Map of the UK


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Author: Simon M - Last Updated: 25/02/2021 08:07
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Data is derived from a number or sources including the Ordnance Survey Gazetter data overlayed onto Google Maps